Abstract

In this paper, we propose sparse coding-based approaches for segmentation of tumor regions from magnetic resonance (MR) images. Sparse coding with data-adapted dictionaries has been successfully employed in several image recovery and vision problems. The proposed approaches obtain sparse codes for each pixel in brain MR images considering their intensity values and location information. Since it is trivial to obtain pixel-wise sparse codes, and combining multiple features in the sparse coding setup is not straight-forward, we propose to perform sparse coding in a high-dimensional feature space where non-linear similarities can be effectively modeled. We use the training data from expert-segmented images to obtain kernel dictionaries with the kernel K-lines clustering procedure. For a test image, sparse codes are computed with these kernel dictionaries, and they are used to identify the tumor regions. This approach is completely automated, and does not require user intervention to initialize the tumor regions in a test image. Furthermore, a low complexity segmentation approach based on kernel sparse codes, which allows the user to initialize the tumor region, is also presented. Results obtained with both the proposed approaches are validated against manual segmentation by an expert radiologist, and it is shown that proposed methods lead to accurate tumor identification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1460004
JournalInternational Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • MRI
  • dictionary learning
  • kernel methods
  • sparse representations
  • tumor segmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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