Juvenile hormone and division of labor in honey bee colonies

Effects of allatectomy on flight behavior and metabolism

Joseph P. Sullivan, Susan E. Fahrbach, Jon Harrison, Elizabeth A. Capaldi, Jennifer Fewell, Gene E. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments were performed to determine why removal of the corpora allata (the glands that produce juvenile hormone) causes honey bees to fail to return to their hive upon initiating flight. In Experiment 1, the naturally occurring flights of allatectomized bees were tracked with radar to determine whether the deficit is physical or cognitive. The results indicated a physical impairment: allatectomized bees had a significantly slower ground speed than sham and untreated bees during orientation flights, but otherwise attributes such as flight range and area were normal. Flight impairment was confirmed in Experiment 2, based on observations of takeoff made in the field at the hive entrance. The allatectomized group had a significantly smaller percentage of flightworthy bees than did the sham and untreated groups. Experiment 3 confirmed the flight impairment in laboratory tests and showed that allatectomy causes a decrease in metabolic rate. Allatectomized bees had significantly lower metabolic rates than untreated and sham bees, while allatectomized bees receiving hormone replacement had intermediate values. These results indicate that allatectomy causes flight impairment, probably partly due to effects on metabolic rate. They also suggest that juvenile hormone plays an additional, previously unknown, role in coordinating the physiological underpinning of division of labor in honey bee colonies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2287-2296
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume206
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Fingerprint

flight behavior
Juvenile Hormones
polyethism
Honey
honey bee colonies
Bees
labor division
juvenile hormones
honey
bee
hormone
Apoidea
flight
metabolism
Urticaria
corpora allata
experiment
radar
Corpora Allata
Radar

Keywords

  • Apis mellifera
  • Behavioral development
  • Corpora allata
  • Division of labor
  • Flight
  • Honey bee
  • Juvenile hormone
  • Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Juvenile hormone and division of labor in honey bee colonies : Effects of allatectomy on flight behavior and metabolism. / Sullivan, Joseph P.; Fahrbach, Susan E.; Harrison, Jon; Capaldi, Elizabeth A.; Fewell, Jennifer; Robinson, Gene E.

In: Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 206, No. 13, 07.2003, p. 2287-2296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sullivan, Joseph P. ; Fahrbach, Susan E. ; Harrison, Jon ; Capaldi, Elizabeth A. ; Fewell, Jennifer ; Robinson, Gene E. / Juvenile hormone and division of labor in honey bee colonies : Effects of allatectomy on flight behavior and metabolism. In: Journal of Experimental Biology. 2003 ; Vol. 206, No. 13. pp. 2287-2296.
@article{b560c8453b65466ca0dd54fbc5eacca9,
title = "Juvenile hormone and division of labor in honey bee colonies: Effects of allatectomy on flight behavior and metabolism",
abstract = "Three experiments were performed to determine why removal of the corpora allata (the glands that produce juvenile hormone) causes honey bees to fail to return to their hive upon initiating flight. In Experiment 1, the naturally occurring flights of allatectomized bees were tracked with radar to determine whether the deficit is physical or cognitive. The results indicated a physical impairment: allatectomized bees had a significantly slower ground speed than sham and untreated bees during orientation flights, but otherwise attributes such as flight range and area were normal. Flight impairment was confirmed in Experiment 2, based on observations of takeoff made in the field at the hive entrance. The allatectomized group had a significantly smaller percentage of flightworthy bees than did the sham and untreated groups. Experiment 3 confirmed the flight impairment in laboratory tests and showed that allatectomy causes a decrease in metabolic rate. Allatectomized bees had significantly lower metabolic rates than untreated and sham bees, while allatectomized bees receiving hormone replacement had intermediate values. These results indicate that allatectomy causes flight impairment, probably partly due to effects on metabolic rate. They also suggest that juvenile hormone plays an additional, previously unknown, role in coordinating the physiological underpinning of division of labor in honey bee colonies.",
keywords = "Apis mellifera, Behavioral development, Corpora allata, Division of labor, Flight, Honey bee, Juvenile hormone, Metabolism",
author = "Sullivan, {Joseph P.} and Fahrbach, {Susan E.} and Jon Harrison and Capaldi, {Elizabeth A.} and Jennifer Fewell and Robinson, {Gene E.}",
year = "2003",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1242/jeb.00432",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "206",
pages = "2287--2296",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Biology",
issn = "0022-0949",
publisher = "Company of Biologists Ltd",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Juvenile hormone and division of labor in honey bee colonies

T2 - Effects of allatectomy on flight behavior and metabolism

AU - Sullivan, Joseph P.

AU - Fahrbach, Susan E.

AU - Harrison, Jon

AU - Capaldi, Elizabeth A.

AU - Fewell, Jennifer

AU - Robinson, Gene E.

PY - 2003/7

Y1 - 2003/7

N2 - Three experiments were performed to determine why removal of the corpora allata (the glands that produce juvenile hormone) causes honey bees to fail to return to their hive upon initiating flight. In Experiment 1, the naturally occurring flights of allatectomized bees were tracked with radar to determine whether the deficit is physical or cognitive. The results indicated a physical impairment: allatectomized bees had a significantly slower ground speed than sham and untreated bees during orientation flights, but otherwise attributes such as flight range and area were normal. Flight impairment was confirmed in Experiment 2, based on observations of takeoff made in the field at the hive entrance. The allatectomized group had a significantly smaller percentage of flightworthy bees than did the sham and untreated groups. Experiment 3 confirmed the flight impairment in laboratory tests and showed that allatectomy causes a decrease in metabolic rate. Allatectomized bees had significantly lower metabolic rates than untreated and sham bees, while allatectomized bees receiving hormone replacement had intermediate values. These results indicate that allatectomy causes flight impairment, probably partly due to effects on metabolic rate. They also suggest that juvenile hormone plays an additional, previously unknown, role in coordinating the physiological underpinning of division of labor in honey bee colonies.

AB - Three experiments were performed to determine why removal of the corpora allata (the glands that produce juvenile hormone) causes honey bees to fail to return to their hive upon initiating flight. In Experiment 1, the naturally occurring flights of allatectomized bees were tracked with radar to determine whether the deficit is physical or cognitive. The results indicated a physical impairment: allatectomized bees had a significantly slower ground speed than sham and untreated bees during orientation flights, but otherwise attributes such as flight range and area were normal. Flight impairment was confirmed in Experiment 2, based on observations of takeoff made in the field at the hive entrance. The allatectomized group had a significantly smaller percentage of flightworthy bees than did the sham and untreated groups. Experiment 3 confirmed the flight impairment in laboratory tests and showed that allatectomy causes a decrease in metabolic rate. Allatectomized bees had significantly lower metabolic rates than untreated and sham bees, while allatectomized bees receiving hormone replacement had intermediate values. These results indicate that allatectomy causes flight impairment, probably partly due to effects on metabolic rate. They also suggest that juvenile hormone plays an additional, previously unknown, role in coordinating the physiological underpinning of division of labor in honey bee colonies.

KW - Apis mellifera

KW - Behavioral development

KW - Corpora allata

KW - Division of labor

KW - Flight

KW - Honey bee

KW - Juvenile hormone

KW - Metabolism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037560048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037560048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1242/jeb.00432

DO - 10.1242/jeb.00432

M3 - Article

VL - 206

SP - 2287

EP - 2296

JO - Journal of Experimental Biology

JF - Journal of Experimental Biology

SN - 0022-0949

IS - 13

ER -