Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011: Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes

David O. Prevatt, William Coulbourne, Andrew J. Graettinger, Shiling Pei, Rakesh Gupta, David Grau Torrent

Research output: Book/ReportBook

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sponsored by the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. Oplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011: Structural Damage Survey and Case for Tornado-Resilient Building Codes presents the observations, findings, and recommendations of an engineering reconnaissance team that surveyed residential structures and schools in the tornado path shortly after the event. The tornado, which was rated a 5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, cut a seven-mile swath through Joplin, Missouri; it destroyed more than 5,000 buildings and killed more than 150 people. The team’s data collection focused on recording the mechanisms of structural failure under tornado wind loads. One important finding is that failures could be attributed to inadequate load paths as well as to wind speeds that exceeded building code design levels. Compliance with the building code requirements for hurricane-prone areas would have mitigated some of the damage. Topics include: overview of the Joplin tornado; inspection methodology; performance of residential buildings; case studies of building performance; performance of commercial buildings and critical facilities; new design philosophy regarding tornadoes; and conclusions and recommendations. This ground-breaking report is must-reading for structural engineers, construction professionals, building code officials, and risk managers working in tornado-prone regions of the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages54
ISBN (Electronic)9780784476987
ISBN (Print)9780784412503
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tornadoes
Damage
Hurricanes
Structural design
Managers
Inspection
Engineers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Prevatt, D. O., Coulbourne, W., Graettinger, A. J., Pei, S., Gupta, R., & Grau Torrent, D. (2012). Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011: Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412503

Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011 : Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes. / Prevatt, David O.; Coulbourne, William; Graettinger, Andrew J.; Pei, Shiling; Gupta, Rakesh; Grau Torrent, David.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2012. 54 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Prevatt, DO, Coulbourne, W, Graettinger, AJ, Pei, S, Gupta, R & Grau Torrent, D 2012, Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011: Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412503
Prevatt DO, Coulbourne W, Graettinger AJ, Pei S, Gupta R, Grau Torrent D. Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011: Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2012. 54 p. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412503
Prevatt, David O. ; Coulbourne, William ; Graettinger, Andrew J. ; Pei, Shiling ; Gupta, Rakesh ; Grau Torrent, David. / Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011 : Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2012. 54 p.
@book{64b82241be6046d2a847ff3754b1ca02,
title = "Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011: Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes",
abstract = "Sponsored by the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. Oplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011: Structural Damage Survey and Case for Tornado-Resilient Building Codes presents the observations, findings, and recommendations of an engineering reconnaissance team that surveyed residential structures and schools in the tornado path shortly after the event. The tornado, which was rated a 5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, cut a seven-mile swath through Joplin, Missouri; it destroyed more than 5,000 buildings and killed more than 150 people. The team’s data collection focused on recording the mechanisms of structural failure under tornado wind loads. One important finding is that failures could be attributed to inadequate load paths as well as to wind speeds that exceeded building code design levels. Compliance with the building code requirements for hurricane-prone areas would have mitigated some of the damage. Topics include: overview of the Joplin tornado; inspection methodology; performance of residential buildings; case studies of building performance; performance of commercial buildings and critical facilities; new design philosophy regarding tornadoes; and conclusions and recommendations. This ground-breaking report is must-reading for structural engineers, construction professionals, building code officials, and risk managers working in tornado-prone regions of the United States.",
author = "Prevatt, {David O.} and William Coulbourne and Graettinger, {Andrew J.} and Shiling Pei and Rakesh Gupta and {Grau Torrent}, David",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/9780784412503",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780784412503",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
address = "United States",

}

TY - BOOK

T1 - Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011

T2 - Structural damage survey and case for tornado-resilient building codes

AU - Prevatt, David O.

AU - Coulbourne, William

AU - Graettinger, Andrew J.

AU - Pei, Shiling

AU - Gupta, Rakesh

AU - Grau Torrent, David

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Sponsored by the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. Oplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011: Structural Damage Survey and Case for Tornado-Resilient Building Codes presents the observations, findings, and recommendations of an engineering reconnaissance team that surveyed residential structures and schools in the tornado path shortly after the event. The tornado, which was rated a 5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, cut a seven-mile swath through Joplin, Missouri; it destroyed more than 5,000 buildings and killed more than 150 people. The team’s data collection focused on recording the mechanisms of structural failure under tornado wind loads. One important finding is that failures could be attributed to inadequate load paths as well as to wind speeds that exceeded building code design levels. Compliance with the building code requirements for hurricane-prone areas would have mitigated some of the damage. Topics include: overview of the Joplin tornado; inspection methodology; performance of residential buildings; case studies of building performance; performance of commercial buildings and critical facilities; new design philosophy regarding tornadoes; and conclusions and recommendations. This ground-breaking report is must-reading for structural engineers, construction professionals, building code officials, and risk managers working in tornado-prone regions of the United States.

AB - Sponsored by the Structural Engineering Institute of ASCE. Oplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011: Structural Damage Survey and Case for Tornado-Resilient Building Codes presents the observations, findings, and recommendations of an engineering reconnaissance team that surveyed residential structures and schools in the tornado path shortly after the event. The tornado, which was rated a 5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, cut a seven-mile swath through Joplin, Missouri; it destroyed more than 5,000 buildings and killed more than 150 people. The team’s data collection focused on recording the mechanisms of structural failure under tornado wind loads. One important finding is that failures could be attributed to inadequate load paths as well as to wind speeds that exceeded building code design levels. Compliance with the building code requirements for hurricane-prone areas would have mitigated some of the damage. Topics include: overview of the Joplin tornado; inspection methodology; performance of residential buildings; case studies of building performance; performance of commercial buildings and critical facilities; new design philosophy regarding tornadoes; and conclusions and recommendations. This ground-breaking report is must-reading for structural engineers, construction professionals, building code officials, and risk managers working in tornado-prone regions of the United States.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922452503&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922452503&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/9780784412503

DO - 10.1061/9780784412503

M3 - Book

AN - SCOPUS:84922452503

SN - 9780784412503

BT - Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of may 22, 2011

PB - American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ER -