Item specification in the development of a diagnostic gambling instrument: A focus group approach

Renee M. Cunningham-Williams, Luis E. Zayas, Samantha J. Books, Linda B. Cottler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) is internationally prevalent and contributes to significant disruption and impairment in a gambler's life. For accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, clinicians require standardized criteria as in commonly used DSM and ICD-10 taxonomies, which are conceptually clear, valid, and culturally appropriate. We aimed to describe clinical issues, other than DSM criteria, that may be potentially clinically meaningful to PGD assessment and treatment planning. Participants from St. Louis, Missouri, USA, who self-identified as problem or pathological gamblers or who had a friend or relative with a gambling problem, as well as clinicians with addictions and PGD diagnostic expertise, participated in one of ten focus groups as part of a larger psychometric study aimed at developing and refining a structured, diagnostic gambling assessment tool, the Gambling Assessment Module (GAM ©). A content-driven immersion-crystallization qualitative approach yielded insight into gambling behaviors, terminology, and diagnostic issues. While complementary to existing diagnostic taxonomies, these findings provide additional item specification for in-depth clinical assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-593
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gambling
Focus Groups
International Classification of Diseases
Immersion
Crystallization
Psychometrics
Terminology
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Diagnostic instrument
  • Focus groups
  • Pathological gambling disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Item specification in the development of a diagnostic gambling instrument : A focus group approach. / Cunningham-Williams, Renee M.; Zayas, Luis E.; Books, Samantha J.; Cottler, Linda B.

In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, Vol. 6, No. 4, 10.2008, p. 577-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cunningham-Williams, Renee M. ; Zayas, Luis E. ; Books, Samantha J. ; Cottler, Linda B. / Item specification in the development of a diagnostic gambling instrument : A focus group approach. In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2008 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 577-593.
@article{1952c70ffbca4b65917d12cbef2d9293,
title = "Item specification in the development of a diagnostic gambling instrument: A focus group approach",
abstract = "Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) is internationally prevalent and contributes to significant disruption and impairment in a gambler's life. For accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, clinicians require standardized criteria as in commonly used DSM and ICD-10 taxonomies, which are conceptually clear, valid, and culturally appropriate. We aimed to describe clinical issues, other than DSM criteria, that may be potentially clinically meaningful to PGD assessment and treatment planning. Participants from St. Louis, Missouri, USA, who self-identified as problem or pathological gamblers or who had a friend or relative with a gambling problem, as well as clinicians with addictions and PGD diagnostic expertise, participated in one of ten focus groups as part of a larger psychometric study aimed at developing and refining a structured, diagnostic gambling assessment tool, the Gambling Assessment Module (GAM {\circledC}). A content-driven immersion-crystallization qualitative approach yielded insight into gambling behaviors, terminology, and diagnostic issues. While complementary to existing diagnostic taxonomies, these findings provide additional item specification for in-depth clinical assessment.",
keywords = "Diagnostic instrument, Focus groups, Pathological gambling disorder",
author = "Cunningham-Williams, {Renee M.} and Zayas, {Luis E.} and Books, {Samantha J.} and Cottler, {Linda B.}",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1007/s11469-007-9138-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "577--593",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction",
issn = "1557-1874",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Item specification in the development of a diagnostic gambling instrument

T2 - A focus group approach

AU - Cunningham-Williams, Renee M.

AU - Zayas, Luis E.

AU - Books, Samantha J.

AU - Cottler, Linda B.

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) is internationally prevalent and contributes to significant disruption and impairment in a gambler's life. For accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, clinicians require standardized criteria as in commonly used DSM and ICD-10 taxonomies, which are conceptually clear, valid, and culturally appropriate. We aimed to describe clinical issues, other than DSM criteria, that may be potentially clinically meaningful to PGD assessment and treatment planning. Participants from St. Louis, Missouri, USA, who self-identified as problem or pathological gamblers or who had a friend or relative with a gambling problem, as well as clinicians with addictions and PGD diagnostic expertise, participated in one of ten focus groups as part of a larger psychometric study aimed at developing and refining a structured, diagnostic gambling assessment tool, the Gambling Assessment Module (GAM ©). A content-driven immersion-crystallization qualitative approach yielded insight into gambling behaviors, terminology, and diagnostic issues. While complementary to existing diagnostic taxonomies, these findings provide additional item specification for in-depth clinical assessment.

AB - Pathological Gambling Disorder (PGD) is internationally prevalent and contributes to significant disruption and impairment in a gambler's life. For accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, clinicians require standardized criteria as in commonly used DSM and ICD-10 taxonomies, which are conceptually clear, valid, and culturally appropriate. We aimed to describe clinical issues, other than DSM criteria, that may be potentially clinically meaningful to PGD assessment and treatment planning. Participants from St. Louis, Missouri, USA, who self-identified as problem or pathological gamblers or who had a friend or relative with a gambling problem, as well as clinicians with addictions and PGD diagnostic expertise, participated in one of ten focus groups as part of a larger psychometric study aimed at developing and refining a structured, diagnostic gambling assessment tool, the Gambling Assessment Module (GAM ©). A content-driven immersion-crystallization qualitative approach yielded insight into gambling behaviors, terminology, and diagnostic issues. While complementary to existing diagnostic taxonomies, these findings provide additional item specification for in-depth clinical assessment.

KW - Diagnostic instrument

KW - Focus groups

KW - Pathological gambling disorder

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=55949116125&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=55949116125&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11469-007-9138-9

DO - 10.1007/s11469-007-9138-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:55949116125

VL - 6

SP - 577

EP - 593

JO - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

JF - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

SN - 1557-1874

IS - 4

ER -