Isotopic and elemental fractionation of solar wind implanted in the Genesis concentrator target characterized and quantified by noble gases

Veronika S. Heber, Roger C. Wiens, Amy Jurewicz, Nadia Vogel, Daniel B. Reisenfeld, Heinrich Baur, Kevin D. Mckeegan, Rainer Wieler, Donald S. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report concentrations and isotopic compositions of He, Ne, and Ar measured with high spatial resolution along a radial traverse of a silicon carbide (SiC) quadrant of the Genesis mission concentrator target. The Ne isotopic composition maps instrumental fractionation as a function of radial position in the target: the maximum observed isotopic fractionation is approximately 33‰ per mass unit between the center and periphery. The Ne fluence is enhanced by a factor of 43 at the target center and decreases to 5.5 times at the periphery relative to the bulk solar wind fluence. Neon isotopic profiles measured along all four arms of the "gold cross" mount which held the quadrants in the concentrator target demonstrate that the concentrator target was symmetrically irradiated during operation as designed. We used implantation experiments of Ne into SiC and gold to quantify backscatter loss and isotopic fractionation and compared measurements with numerical simulations from the code "stopping and range of ions in matter." The 20Ne fluence curve as a function of radial distance on the target may be used to construct concentration factors relative to bulk solar wind for accurate corrections for solar wind fluences of other light elements to be measured in the concentrator target. The Ne isotopic composition as a function of the radial distance in the SiC quadrant provides a correction for the instrumental mass-dependent isotopic fractionation by the concentrator and can be used to correct measured solar wind oxygen and nitrogen isotopic compositions to obtain bulk solar wind isotopic compositions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-512
Number of pages20
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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