Isothermal reaction kinetics and temperature dependence of alkali activation of slag, fly ash and their blends

Sundararaman Chithiraputhiran, Narayanan Neithalath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


Alkali silicate activated Class F fly ash-slag blends containing fly ash as the major constituent (up to 70% by mass) are proportioned to develop sufficient mechanical properties under moist curing conditions. Isothermal calorimetric studies are carried out on OPC, activated slag and fly ash, and selected fly ash-slag blends at 25 C, 35 C, and 40 C to explore their reaction kinetics. OPC and activated slag pastes exhibit similar heat release response, especially at higher temperatures (40 C). For the fly ash-slag blends, the calorimetric responses at ambient and elevated temperatures are markedly different from those of OPC and activated pure slag pastes. Two simple kinetic models are used to extract the relevant parameters of the activation reaction. Increase in temperature within the studied range influences the total heat released by the fly ash rich pastes more than those of slag pastes. For the fly ash rich blends, it is shown using the Knudsen rate constant that higher reaction temperatures are required to extract realistic model-based kinetic parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-242
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 2013


  • Alkali activation
  • Fly ash
  • Isothermal calorimetry
  • Kinetic models
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Slag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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