Isolation and characterization of a novel geminivirus from parsley

Vahid Hasanvand, Jahangir Heydanejad, Hossain Massumi, Tatjana Kleinow, Holger Jeske, Arvind Varsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fresh leaf vegetables are a significant part of the Persian food. Following a survey for identification of nanoviruses and geminivirus infecting leaf vegetables, a novel geminivirus was identified in a diseased parsley sample showing upward marginal leaf curling, marginal leaf yellowing, dwarfing and reduced leaf size in south-eastern Iran. The genome was identified through combination of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and high throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches. The full-length genome (2779 nts) of the cloned geminivirus, parsley yellow leaf curl virus (PYLCV), shares <66 % genome-wide pairwise identity with all other known geminiviruses. The PYLCV genome has six open reading frames (ORFs) and appears to be a hybrid with the virion sense encoded proteins being most similar to those of becurtoviruses and curtoviruses, whereas the complementary sense encoded proteins are most similar to those of begomoviruses. In comparison with other geminivirus encoded capsid proteins (CPs) and replication associated proteins (Reps), the CP of PYLCV shares <56 % amino acid pairwise identity whereas the Rep shares <73 % amino acid pairwise identity. To demonstrate the pathogenicity of the geminivirus, a partial dimer infectious clone was constructed and used to agro-infect parsley as well as Nicotiana benthamiana, turnip, radish and tomato. The agro-inoculation resulted in infection with symptoms in 83.7 % (82/98) of the tested plant. Based on the similarity of the CP encoded by PYLCV to those of becurtoviruses and curtoviruses, it is likely that leafhoppers may be the primary transmission vector.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number198056
JournalVirus research
Volume286
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Geminiviridae
  • High throughput sequencing
  • Parsley yellow leaf curl virus
  • Rolling circle amplification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Hasanvand, V., Heydanejad, J., Massumi, H., Kleinow, T., Jeske, H., & Varsani, A. (2020). Isolation and characterization of a novel geminivirus from parsley. Virus research, 286, [198056]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2020.198056