Investigation of the successive ozone episodes in the El Paso-Juarez region in the summer of 2017

Nakul N. Karle, Suhail Mahmud, Ricardo K. Sakai, Rosa M. Fitzgerald, Vernon R. Morris, William R. Stockwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adjacent cities of El Paso in Texas, USA, and Juarez in Mexico commonly experience pollution episodes, especially during the summer months. In the summer of 2017, successive high and low ozone episodes were observed. Aerosol backscattered data from a laser ceilometer was used to monitor and continuously measure the aerosol-layer characteristics. Meteorological parameters together with the aerosol layer height were used to determine the reason behind these successive high and low ozone events. In our research, both modelling and experimental data of the planetary boundary layer height (PBLH) were obtained and related to atmospheric stability. Aerosol backscatter data was used to investigate the structure, evolution, and influence of the top of the aerosol layer, which is a proxy for PBLHs. A shallow aerosol layer height (1164 ± 59 m) was observed during the high ozone episodes, in contrast to a deep aerosol layer (1990 ± 79 m) during the low ozone episodes. The ozone precursors, the ozone, and the ground-level aerosol concentrations were also examined during these episodes. It was observed that when the ozone was high, the PM2.5 was high, and when the ozone was low, the PM10 concentrations were high. Analysis of the wind patterns and synoptic scale meteorology also contributed to a better explanation of the nature of these events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number532
JournalAtmosphere
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerosols
  • Meteorology
  • Ozone
  • Planetary boundary layer
  • Synoptic scale
  • Winds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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