Investigation of the mechanism of polarization switching in ferroelectric capacitors by three-dimensional piezoresponse force microscopy

B. J. Rodriguez, A. Gruverman, A. I. Kingon, Robert Nemanich, J. S. Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mechanism for the switching behavior of (111)-oriented Pb(Zr, Ti)O 3-based 1 × 1.5 μ2 capacitors has been investigated using three-dimensional piezoresponse force microscopy (3D-PFM). A combination of vertical and lateral piezoresponse force microscopy (VPFM and LPFM) has been used to map the out-of-plane and the in-plane components of the polarization. The three-dimensional polarization distribution was reconstructed by quantitative analysis of the PFM amplitude images of poled PZT capacitors while taking into account contrast variations in the PFM phase images. The switching behavior of the capacitors was determined by comparison of the static domain patterns in the same capacitors after both positive and negative poling. While 180° degree switching was observed, surprisingly, the switching process was dominated by 90° polarization vector rotation. Furthermore, central regions of the capacitors were characterized by the presence of charged domain boundaries, which could lead to imprint (preference of one polarization state over another).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Ferroelectric materials
pulse frequency modulation
capacitors
Microscopic examination
Capacitors
Polarization
microscopy
polarization
quantitative analysis
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Investigation of the mechanism of polarization switching in ferroelectric capacitors by three-dimensional piezoresponse force microscopy. / Rodriguez, B. J.; Gruverman, A.; Kingon, A. I.; Nemanich, Robert; Cross, J. S.

In: Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, Vol. 80, No. 1, 01.2005, p. 99-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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