Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data

William L. Stefanov, Lela Prashad, Christopher Eisinger, Anthony Brazel, Sharon Harlan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans directly alter surficial processes and climate at the local or "neighborhood" scale (typically on the order of hundreds of hectares) where process-response is not well understood. Investigation of surficial processes at this scale requires very high resolution (both spatial and spectral) data over a wide wavelength range. Commercial data from satellite-based sensors such as IKONOS and Quickbird now provide excellent spatial resolution in the visible through near-infrared wavelengths; however data with high spectral and spatial resolution at longer wavelengths, particularly the mid-infrared, are still the province of multispectral to hyperspectral airborne sensors. Superspectral data acquired by the NASA MASTER airborne sensor is being used to investigate social-biogeophysical microclimate interactions in Phoenix, Arizona neighborhoods. This sensor acquires data in 50 bands in the visible through mid-infrared wavelengths, placed to match the bandpasses of the satellite-based MODIS and ASTER instruments. Ground resolution of data acquired over the Phoenix metropolitan region varies from 5-12 m/pixel depending on aircraft height. Surface temperature and vegetation density spatial variations between neighborhoods spaced along an income gradient in Phoenix have been mapped using 12 m/pixel data. These data correlate with ethnicity and income level, and demonstrate inequity in the microclimates experienced by Phoenix residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
PublisherInternational Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Pages1339-1347
Number of pages9
Volume35
StatePublished - 2004
Event20th ISPRS Congress on Technical Commission VII - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: Jul 12 2004Jul 23 2004

Other

Other20th ISPRS Congress on Technical Commission VII
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period7/12/047/23/04

Fingerprint

metropolitan area
agglomeration area
climate
Wavelength
Sensors
Infrared radiation
Pixels
Satellites
wavelength
airborne sensor
spatial resolution
microclimate
spectral resolution
NASA
pixel
Aircraft
income
sensor
IKONOS
QuickBird

Keywords

  • Climate
  • High resolution
  • Hyperspectral
  • Infrared
  • Planning
  • Sociology
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Stefanov, W. L., Prashad, L., Eisinger, C., Brazel, A., & Harlan, S. (2004). Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data. In International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives (Vol. 35, pp. 1339-1347). International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data. / Stefanov, William L.; Prashad, Lela; Eisinger, Christopher; Brazel, Anthony; Harlan, Sharon.

International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives. Vol. 35 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2004. p. 1339-1347.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Stefanov, WL, Prashad, L, Eisinger, C, Brazel, A & Harlan, S 2004, Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data. in International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives. vol. 35, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, pp. 1339-1347, 20th ISPRS Congress on Technical Commission VII, Istanbul, Turkey, 7/12/04.
Stefanov WL, Prashad L, Eisinger C, Brazel A, Harlan S. Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data. In International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives. Vol. 35. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 2004. p. 1339-1347
Stefanov, William L. ; Prashad, Lela ; Eisinger, Christopher ; Brazel, Anthony ; Harlan, Sharon. / Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives. Vol. 35 International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2004. pp. 1339-1347
@inproceedings{05893248e1ad4d5f82f3ee50b13e8ded,
title = "Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data",
abstract = "Humans directly alter surficial processes and climate at the local or {"}neighborhood{"} scale (typically on the order of hundreds of hectares) where process-response is not well understood. Investigation of surficial processes at this scale requires very high resolution (both spatial and spectral) data over a wide wavelength range. Commercial data from satellite-based sensors such as IKONOS and Quickbird now provide excellent spatial resolution in the visible through near-infrared wavelengths; however data with high spectral and spatial resolution at longer wavelengths, particularly the mid-infrared, are still the province of multispectral to hyperspectral airborne sensors. Superspectral data acquired by the NASA MASTER airborne sensor is being used to investigate social-biogeophysical microclimate interactions in Phoenix, Arizona neighborhoods. This sensor acquires data in 50 bands in the visible through mid-infrared wavelengths, placed to match the bandpasses of the satellite-based MODIS and ASTER instruments. Ground resolution of data acquired over the Phoenix metropolitan region varies from 5-12 m/pixel depending on aircraft height. Surface temperature and vegetation density spatial variations between neighborhoods spaced along an income gradient in Phoenix have been mapped using 12 m/pixel data. These data correlate with ethnicity and income level, and demonstrate inequity in the microclimates experienced by Phoenix residents.",
keywords = "Climate, High resolution, Hyperspectral, Infrared, Planning, Sociology, Urban",
author = "Stefanov, {William L.} and Lela Prashad and Christopher Eisinger and Anthony Brazel and Sharon Harlan",
year = "2004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "1339--1347",
booktitle = "International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives",
publisher = "International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Investigation of human modifications of landscape and climate in the phoenix Arizona Metropolitan area using master data

AU - Stefanov, William L.

AU - Prashad, Lela

AU - Eisinger, Christopher

AU - Brazel, Anthony

AU - Harlan, Sharon

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Humans directly alter surficial processes and climate at the local or "neighborhood" scale (typically on the order of hundreds of hectares) where process-response is not well understood. Investigation of surficial processes at this scale requires very high resolution (both spatial and spectral) data over a wide wavelength range. Commercial data from satellite-based sensors such as IKONOS and Quickbird now provide excellent spatial resolution in the visible through near-infrared wavelengths; however data with high spectral and spatial resolution at longer wavelengths, particularly the mid-infrared, are still the province of multispectral to hyperspectral airborne sensors. Superspectral data acquired by the NASA MASTER airborne sensor is being used to investigate social-biogeophysical microclimate interactions in Phoenix, Arizona neighborhoods. This sensor acquires data in 50 bands in the visible through mid-infrared wavelengths, placed to match the bandpasses of the satellite-based MODIS and ASTER instruments. Ground resolution of data acquired over the Phoenix metropolitan region varies from 5-12 m/pixel depending on aircraft height. Surface temperature and vegetation density spatial variations between neighborhoods spaced along an income gradient in Phoenix have been mapped using 12 m/pixel data. These data correlate with ethnicity and income level, and demonstrate inequity in the microclimates experienced by Phoenix residents.

AB - Humans directly alter surficial processes and climate at the local or "neighborhood" scale (typically on the order of hundreds of hectares) where process-response is not well understood. Investigation of surficial processes at this scale requires very high resolution (both spatial and spectral) data over a wide wavelength range. Commercial data from satellite-based sensors such as IKONOS and Quickbird now provide excellent spatial resolution in the visible through near-infrared wavelengths; however data with high spectral and spatial resolution at longer wavelengths, particularly the mid-infrared, are still the province of multispectral to hyperspectral airborne sensors. Superspectral data acquired by the NASA MASTER airborne sensor is being used to investigate social-biogeophysical microclimate interactions in Phoenix, Arizona neighborhoods. This sensor acquires data in 50 bands in the visible through mid-infrared wavelengths, placed to match the bandpasses of the satellite-based MODIS and ASTER instruments. Ground resolution of data acquired over the Phoenix metropolitan region varies from 5-12 m/pixel depending on aircraft height. Surface temperature and vegetation density spatial variations between neighborhoods spaced along an income gradient in Phoenix have been mapped using 12 m/pixel data. These data correlate with ethnicity and income level, and demonstrate inequity in the microclimates experienced by Phoenix residents.

KW - Climate

KW - High resolution

KW - Hyperspectral

KW - Infrared

KW - Planning

KW - Sociology

KW - Urban

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953336917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953336917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:77953336917

VL - 35

SP - 1339

EP - 1347

BT - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives

PB - International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

ER -