Investigation of biomechanical characteristics of older adults: Effects of gender and driving status

Prakriti Parijat, Courtney Haynes, Thurmon E. Lockhart, Jon Antin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical differences in the ability to generate force between older drivers and non-drivers. The study examined differences in ankle, hip and upper body torque generation between gender and driving groups with respect to driving posture. Twenty-four older adults aged 65 years and older were recruited for participation in this study. Strength and reaction time data were collected using a Biodex Dynamometer. The data was analyzed to report peak torque generation at the ankle, hip, and steering wheel along with peak reaction times and head-neck flexibility. The results indicated a significant decrease in peak torque measurements, and increase in the reaction time in non-drivers as compared to drivers. Gender differences were found in the hip and upper body torque, with females at a lower strength level than males. No significant differences were found between gender and driving status for the head neck flexibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication53rd Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2009, HFES 2009
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages1724-1728
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781615676231
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event53rd Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2009, HFES 2009 - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 19 2009Oct 23 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Volume3
ISSN (Print)1071-1813

Other

Other53rd Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2009, HFES 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, TX
Period10/19/0910/23/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

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    Parijat, P., Haynes, C., Lockhart, T. E., & Antin, J. (2009). Investigation of biomechanical characteristics of older adults: Effects of gender and driving status. In 53rd Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2009, HFES 2009 (pp. 1724-1728). (Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society; Vol. 3). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1518/107118109x12524444081719