Motivations: Tissue engineering constitutes an important field with its potential of addressing the current shortage in organ availability. To successfully develop tissue-engineered organs, it is crucial to understand how to maintain the cells under conditions that maximize their ability to perform their physiological roles, regardless of the environment, whether the cells are part of an extracorporeal system, such as the bioartificial liver assist device, or an implantable tissue-engineered device. Our goals are to (1) provide insight into how cells will behave when confronted with changes in its environment and (2) determine the optimal environmental factors to achieve a desired level of cellular function. Results: Diverse sets of environmental factors were used to systematically perturb the metabolic behavior associated with pre-conditioning and plasma supplementation. To probe metabolic state of hepatocytes, metabolic flux analysis was used to obtain the metabolic profile. We applied a multi-block partial least square (MPLS) model to relate environmental factors and fluxes to levels of intracellular lipids and urea synthesis. The MPLS model identified: (1) the most influential environmental factors and (2) how the metabolic pathways are altered by these factors. Finally, we inverted the MPLS model to determine the concentrations and types of environmental factors required to obtain the most economical solution for achieving optimal levels of cellular function for practical situations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics