We employed two separate genetic approaches to examine the roles of various OmpF residues in assembly. In one approach, intragenic suppressors of a temperature-sensitive OmpF assembly mutant carrying a W214E substitution were sought at 42°C, or at 37°C in a genetic background lacking the periplasmic folding factor SurA. In the majority of cases (58 out of 61 revertants), the suppressors mapped either at the original site (position 214) or two residues downstream from it. In the remaining three revertants that were obtained in a surA background, an alteration of N230Y was located 16 residues away from the original site. The N230Y suppressor also corrected OmpF315 assembly at 42°C in a surA+ background, indicating that the two different physiological environments imposed similar assembly constraints. The specificity of N230Y was tested against five different residues at position 214 of mature OmpF. Clear specificity was displayed, with maximum suppression observed for the original substitution at position 214 (E214) against which the N230Y suppressor was isolated, and no negative effect on OmpF assembly was noted when the wild-type W214 residue was present. The mechanism of suppression may involve compensation for a specific conformational defect. The second approach involved the application of informational suppressors (Su-tRNA) in combination with ompF amber mutations to generate variant OmpF proteins. In this approach we targeted the Y40, Q66, W214, and Y231 residues of mature OmpF and replaced them with S, Q, L, and Y through the action of Su-tRNAs. Thus, a total of 16 variant OmpF proteins were generated, of which three were identical to the parental protein, and two variants carrying W214Q and Y231Q substitutions were similar to assembly-defective proteins isolated previously (R. Misra, J. Bacteriol. 175:5049-5056, 1993). The results obtained from these analyses provided useful information regarding the compatibility of various alterations in OmpF assembly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology