Interventions for weight management in postpartum women

Colleen Keller, Kathie Records, Barbara Ainsworth, Paska Permana, Dean V. Coonrod

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To report the results of a comprehensive review of published intervention studies to identify the best evidence available for guiding weight management interventions in postpartum women. Data Sources: Electronic searches were conducted of three electronic databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature; Medline; and the Science Citation Index, Expanded, in the Web of Science from 1994 to May 2007. Keyword searches were conducted using the terms obesity, obese, overweight, postpartum, pregnancy weight, and weight management in postpartum women. Study Selection: Six studies were selected that met the inclusion criteria of testing interventions and one that reported preintervention planning and targeted a weight management intervention for postpartum women. Data Extraction: All six interventions showed significant impact with diet and exercise or some combination on body composition in the targeted sample of women. Data Synthesis: The strengths of previous studies include an emphasis on precision in outcome measures and experimental conditions; limitations were that the theoretical basis for the interventions was frequently omitted and limited attention given to the cultural, social, and contextual factors established in descriptive research. Conclusions: Interventions need to target women early in their childbearing years to have the most significant long-term impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Intervention studies
  • Obesity
  • Postpartum
  • Randomized controlled trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

Cite this