Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth

Jaimie N. Davis, Emily E. Ventura, Gabriel Shaibi, Courtney E. Byrd-Williams, Katharine E. Alexander, Amanda K. Vanni, Mathew R. Meija, Marc J. Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Michael I. Goran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review highlights various components of interventions that reduced obesity and type 2 diabetes risk factors among overweight Latino youth. A total of 114 overweight Latino adolescents completed one of four randomized controlled trials: 1) strength training (ST; boys only); 2) modified carbohydrate nutrition program (N); 3) combination of NST; or 4) N Combination of Aerobic and ST (NCAST; girls only). Measures included: strength by 1-repetition max, dietary intake by 3-d records, body composition by DEXA/MRI, glucose/insulin indices by oral and IV glucose tolerance tests. ST improved insulin sensitivity by 45% in Latino boys, and N, NST, and NCAST improved glucose control in Latino boys and girls. The CAST approach reduced all adiposity measures by ∼3% in Latina girls. Participants who decreased added sugar, increased dietary fiber, and had increased parental attendance, regardless of intervention group, improved insulin action and reduced visceral adipose tissue. In conclusion, ST, CAST, and a modified carbohydrate nutrition program with separate parental classes were all successful components of the interventions that decreased obesity and related metabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-455
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Obesity
Carbohydrates
Insulin
Glucose
Resistance Training
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Metabolic Diseases
Adiposity
Dietary Fiber
Glucose Tolerance Test
Body Composition
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Insulin Resistance
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Diet and exercise interventions
  • Insulin sensitivity and secretion
  • Latino adolescents
  • Randomized controlled trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Davis, J. N., Ventura, E. E., Shaibi, G., Byrd-Williams, C. E., Alexander, K. E., Vanni, A. K., ... Goran, M. I. (2010). Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 5(5), 451-455. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477161003770123

Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth. / Davis, Jaimie N.; Ventura, Emily E.; Shaibi, Gabriel; Byrd-Williams, Courtney E.; Alexander, Katharine E.; Vanni, Amanda K.; Meija, Mathew R.; Weigensberg, Marc J.; Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Goran, Michael I.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Vol. 5, No. 5, 10.2010, p. 451-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, JN, Ventura, EE, Shaibi, G, Byrd-Williams, CE, Alexander, KE, Vanni, AK, Meija, MR, Weigensberg, MJ, Spruijt-Metz, D & Goran, MI 2010, 'Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth' International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 451-455. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477161003770123
Davis, Jaimie N. ; Ventura, Emily E. ; Shaibi, Gabriel ; Byrd-Williams, Courtney E. ; Alexander, Katharine E. ; Vanni, Amanda K. ; Meija, Mathew R. ; Weigensberg, Marc J. ; Spruijt-Metz, Donna ; Goran, Michael I. / Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth. In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2010 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 451-455.
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