Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth

Jaimie N. Davis, Emily E. Ventura, Gabriel Shaibi, Courtney E. Byrd-Williams, Katharine E. Alexander, Amanda K. Vanni, Mathew R. Meija, Marc J. Weigensberg, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Michael I. Goran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review highlights various components of interventions that reduced obesity and type 2 diabetes risk factors among overweight Latino youth. A total of 114 overweight Latino adolescents completed one of four randomized controlled trials: 1) strength training (ST; boys only); 2) modified carbohydrate nutrition program (N); 3) combination of NST; or 4) N Combination of Aerobic and ST (NCAST; girls only). Measures included: strength by 1-repetition max, dietary intake by 3-d records, body composition by DEXA/MRI, glucose/insulin indices by oral and IV glucose tolerance tests. ST improved insulin sensitivity by 45% in Latino boys, and N, NST, and NCAST improved glucose control in Latino boys and girls. The CAST approach reduced all adiposity measures by ∼3% in Latina girls. Participants who decreased added sugar, increased dietary fiber, and had increased parental attendance, regardless of intervention group, improved insulin action and reduced visceral adipose tissue. In conclusion, ST, CAST, and a modified carbohydrate nutrition program with separate parental classes were all successful components of the interventions that decreased obesity and related metabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-455
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Diet and exercise interventions
  • Insulin sensitivity and secretion
  • Latino adolescents
  • Randomized controlled trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Health Policy
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Davis, J. N., Ventura, E. E., Shaibi, G., Byrd-Williams, C. E., Alexander, K. E., Vanni, A. K., Meija, M. R., Weigensberg, M. J., Spruijt-Metz, D., & Goran, M. I. (2010). Interventions for improving metabolic risk in overweight Latino youth. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 5(5), 451-455. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477161003770123