This paper explores whether liquidity services and nonsuperneutral effects of money are important for and permit improved explanation of asset returns. Euler equations governing asset choices, implied by dynamic barter, cash-in-advance (CIA), and money-in-the-utility function models, are estimated and testing using generalized-method-of-moments techniques and monthly data for the U.S. Observational equivalence between CIA and barter models is shown under specific assumptions about the timing of information and decisions. The findings suggest that only for one CIA model are monetary effects both important for and permit improved explanation of asset returns. Success in this regard is (not) for stock (treasury-bill) returns.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics