Interparticle collision of natural sediment grains in water

Mark W. Schmeeckle, Jonathan M. Nelson, John Pitlick, James P. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elastohydrodynamic theory and measurements of particle impacts on an inclined glass plane in water are used to investigate the mechanics of interparticle collisions in sediment-transporting flows. A collision Stokes number is proposed as a measure of the momentum of an interparticle collision versus the viscous pressure force in the interstitial gap between colliding particles. The viscous pressure force opposes motion of the particles on approach and rebound. A Stokes number of between 39 and 105 is estimated as the critical range below which particle impacts are completely viscously damped and above which impacts are partially elastic. The critical Stokes number is shown to roughly coincide with the Bagnold number transition between macroviscous and grain inertial debris flows and the transition between damped and partially elastic bed load transport saltation impacts. The nonspherical nature of natural particles significantly alters the motion of the center of mass after a partially elastic collision. The normal to the point of contact between the particles does not necessarily go through the center of mass. Thus normal rebound of the center of mass may not occur. A model of particle motion after rebound for particles of arbitrary shape, conserving both linear and angular momentum, is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2377-2391
Number of pages15
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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