Interorganizational determinants of environmental purchasing: Initial evidence from the consumer products industries

Craig R. Carter, Joseph R. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

310 Scopus citations


Environmental purchasing consists of the purchasing function's involvement in activities that include reduction, recycling, reuse, and substitution of materials. Despite the potentially important role that the purchasing function can play in a firm's environmental activities, little research has been performed to date that examines the factors that impact environmental purchasing. The authors develop and empirically test a theoretical model that examines how interorganizational factors both drive and constrain purchasing's involvement in environmental activities. The empirical findings suggest that environmental purchasing activities will be facilitated through increased coordination with suppliers as well as downstream members of the supply chain, including retailers. The results also suggest the need for increased coordination within the firm, particularly between the purchasing function on the inbound side and marketing and distribution functions on the outbound side.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-684
Number of pages26
JournalDecision Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998


  • And supply chain management
  • Distribution channels
  • Distribution/logistics
  • Environmental purchasing
  • Structural equation models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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