A major disaster would damage the communication infrastructure severely, resulting in further chaos and loss in the disaster stricken area. Rapid restoration of wireless/mobile communications is one of the most critical issues for disaster response. Wireless multihop networking by deploying low-cost relays is a promising solution to effectively extend network services to people in the disrupted areas after large-scale disasters have occurred. It is of great importance to accurately estimate the population distribution after a disaster and, based on that, judiciously place a limited number of relay nodes to maximize the population coverage ratio. In this article we present an intelligent post-disaster networking approach by exploiting crowd dynamics. First, we present a long short-term memory based neural network to predict the spatio-temporal population distribution after a disaster. The neural network is trained by using a real crowd dynamics dataset collected during the Kumamoto earthquake in 2016. Then, based on the fine-grained population estimation result, we present three simple algorithms for the budget-constrained population-aware relay placement problem. The proposed approach is evaluated in real-world scenarios. The results show that the estimation error for population distribution is reduced by 56~69 percent compared to the regressive models, and a large proportion of the population could be efficiently covered by a limited number of relays.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications