IntelliCage Automated Behavioral Phenotyping Reveals Behavior Deficits in the 3xTg-AD Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease Associated With Brain Weight

Wendy Winslow, Ian McDonough, Savannah Tallino, Annika Decker, Austin S. Vural, Ramon Velazquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transgenic rodent models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) were designed to study mechanisms of pathogenesis and connect these mechanisms with cognitive decline. Measurements of cognition in rodents can be confounded, however, by human handling and interaction; the IntelliCage was created to circumvent these issues while measuring various facets of cognition in a social environment with water consumption as the primary motivator for task completion. Here, for the first time, we examined the behavioral performance of 3xTg-AD mice in the IntelliCage. Seven- to 9-month-old female 3xTg-AD and non-transgenic (NonTg) mice were tested for 29 days in the IntelliCage to measure prefrontal cortical and hippocampal function. We found that a higher percentage of NonTg mice (86.96%) were able to successfully complete the training (adaptation) phases compared to their 3xTg-AD (57.14%) counterparts. Furthermore, the 3xTg-AD mice showed impairments in attention and working memory. Interestingly, we found that differences in body and brain weight between NonTg and 3xTg-AD mice were associated with whether mice were able to complete the IntelliCage tasks. 3xTg-AD mice that completed IntelliCage tasks had lower cortical insoluble amyloid-β40 fractions than their 3xTg-AD counterparts who failed to complete the tasks. Collectively, these results demonstrate deficits in cognition in the 3xTg-AD mouse and inform scientists of important factors to consider when testing this transgenic model in the IntelliCage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number720214
JournalFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3xTg-AD
  • amyloidosis
  • brain weight
  • cognition
  • IntelliCage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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