16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This quote captures the spirit of the new urban emphasis in the US Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network.We know now that Earth abounds with both subtle and pronounced evidence of the influence of people on natural ecosystems (Russell 1993, Turner and Meyer 1993). Arguably, cities are the most human dominated of all ecosystems. Recent calls for studies on "human-dominated ecosystems" (Vitousek et al. 1997) finally have been heeded, over 60 years after Tansley penned his warning, with the addition of two metropolises (Phoenix and Baltimore) to the LTER network. In this article, we describe an emerging approach to understanding the ecology of urban areas by contrasting these two metropolises, and we present a call to action for ecologists to integrate their science with that of social scientists to achieve a more realistic and useful understanding of the natural world in general and its ecology in particular (Pickett and McDonnell 1993, Ehrlich 1997). We begin by framing a conceptual basis for the study of urban ecological systems: the rationale, contrasting approaches, and special considerations for including human interactions at different scales and in a spatial context. We then discuss the application of our conceptual approach by comparing site conditions and initial research results in Baltimore and Phoenix. We conclude with a summary and synthesis of implications for the integration of social and ecological sciences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUrban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature
PublisherSpringer US
Pages123-141
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9780387734118
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

integrated approach
ecosystem
ecology
urban area
metropolis
science

Keywords

  • Baltimore
  • ecosystem
  • human social system
  • hydrology
  • land cover
  • long term ecological research
  • patch dynamics
  • Phoenix
  • scale
  • Watershed dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Grimm, N., Grove, J. M., Pickett, S. T. A., & Redman, C. (2008). Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. In Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature (pp. 123-141). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8

Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. / Grimm, Nancy; Grove, J. Morgan; Pickett, Steward T A; Redman, Charles.

Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature. Springer US, 2008. p. 123-141.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Grimm, N, Grove, JM, Pickett, STA & Redman, C 2008, Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. in Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature. Springer US, pp. 123-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8
Grimm N, Grove JM, Pickett STA, Redman C. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. In Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature. Springer US. 2008. p. 123-141 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8
Grimm, Nancy ; Grove, J. Morgan ; Pickett, Steward T A ; Redman, Charles. / Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature. Springer US, 2008. pp. 123-141
@inbook{18afa0f34cd545e9b88c0a80b98955c1,
title = "Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems",
abstract = "This quote captures the spirit of the new urban emphasis in the US Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network.We know now that Earth abounds with both subtle and pronounced evidence of the influence of people on natural ecosystems (Russell 1993, Turner and Meyer 1993). Arguably, cities are the most human dominated of all ecosystems. Recent calls for studies on {"}human-dominated ecosystems{"} (Vitousek et al. 1997) finally have been heeded, over 60 years after Tansley penned his warning, with the addition of two metropolises (Phoenix and Baltimore) to the LTER network. In this article, we describe an emerging approach to understanding the ecology of urban areas by contrasting these two metropolises, and we present a call to action for ecologists to integrate their science with that of social scientists to achieve a more realistic and useful understanding of the natural world in general and its ecology in particular (Pickett and McDonnell 1993, Ehrlich 1997). We begin by framing a conceptual basis for the study of urban ecological systems: the rationale, contrasting approaches, and special considerations for including human interactions at different scales and in a spatial context. We then discuss the application of our conceptual approach by comparing site conditions and initial research results in Baltimore and Phoenix. We conclude with a summary and synthesis of implications for the integration of social and ecological sciences.",
keywords = "Baltimore, ecosystem, human social system, hydrology, land cover, long term ecological research, patch dynamics, Phoenix, scale, Watershed dynamics",
author = "Nancy Grimm and Grove, {J. Morgan} and Pickett, {Steward T A} and Charles Redman",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780387734118",
pages = "123--141",
booktitle = "Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature",
publisher = "Springer US",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems

AU - Grimm, Nancy

AU - Grove, J. Morgan

AU - Pickett, Steward T A

AU - Redman, Charles

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - This quote captures the spirit of the new urban emphasis in the US Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network.We know now that Earth abounds with both subtle and pronounced evidence of the influence of people on natural ecosystems (Russell 1993, Turner and Meyer 1993). Arguably, cities are the most human dominated of all ecosystems. Recent calls for studies on "human-dominated ecosystems" (Vitousek et al. 1997) finally have been heeded, over 60 years after Tansley penned his warning, with the addition of two metropolises (Phoenix and Baltimore) to the LTER network. In this article, we describe an emerging approach to understanding the ecology of urban areas by contrasting these two metropolises, and we present a call to action for ecologists to integrate their science with that of social scientists to achieve a more realistic and useful understanding of the natural world in general and its ecology in particular (Pickett and McDonnell 1993, Ehrlich 1997). We begin by framing a conceptual basis for the study of urban ecological systems: the rationale, contrasting approaches, and special considerations for including human interactions at different scales and in a spatial context. We then discuss the application of our conceptual approach by comparing site conditions and initial research results in Baltimore and Phoenix. We conclude with a summary and synthesis of implications for the integration of social and ecological sciences.

AB - This quote captures the spirit of the new urban emphasis in the US Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network.We know now that Earth abounds with both subtle and pronounced evidence of the influence of people on natural ecosystems (Russell 1993, Turner and Meyer 1993). Arguably, cities are the most human dominated of all ecosystems. Recent calls for studies on "human-dominated ecosystems" (Vitousek et al. 1997) finally have been heeded, over 60 years after Tansley penned his warning, with the addition of two metropolises (Phoenix and Baltimore) to the LTER network. In this article, we describe an emerging approach to understanding the ecology of urban areas by contrasting these two metropolises, and we present a call to action for ecologists to integrate their science with that of social scientists to achieve a more realistic and useful understanding of the natural world in general and its ecology in particular (Pickett and McDonnell 1993, Ehrlich 1997). We begin by framing a conceptual basis for the study of urban ecological systems: the rationale, contrasting approaches, and special considerations for including human interactions at different scales and in a spatial context. We then discuss the application of our conceptual approach by comparing site conditions and initial research results in Baltimore and Phoenix. We conclude with a summary and synthesis of implications for the integration of social and ecological sciences.

KW - Baltimore

KW - ecosystem

KW - human social system

KW - hydrology

KW - land cover

KW - long term ecological research

KW - patch dynamics

KW - Phoenix

KW - scale

KW - Watershed dynamics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80054055698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80054055698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8

DO - 10.1007/978-0-387-73412-5_8

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:80054055698

SN - 9780387734118

SP - 123

EP - 141

BT - Urban Ecology: An International Perspective on the Interaction Between Humans and Nature

PB - Springer US

ER -