Insulin and glucagon binding to isolated hepatocytes of egyptian sand rats (Psammomys obesus): Evidence for an insulin receptor defect

Lawrence Mandarino

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    1. 1. To determine whether a defect in insulin bincling could contribute to insulin resistance in Egyptian sand rats (Psammomys obesus), insulin bincling to isolated hepatocytes from euglycemic sand rats was compared to that of normal Sprague-Dawley rats (Rattus norvegiens). Because of its potential importance in glucoregulation, glucagon bincling to hepatocytes from these species was also measured. 2. 2. Hepatocytes of sand rats exhibit an almost complete lack of insulin receptors compared to hepatocytes from Sprague-Dawley rats, whereas there are numerous high affinity glucagon binding sites on sand rat hepatocytes. 3. 3. The lack of insulin bincling to sand rat tissues is sufficient to entirely explain the insulin resistance seen in this species. Glucagon may be primarily responsible for glucose homeostasis in Psammomys obesus.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)519-523
    Number of pages5
    JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology
    Volume78
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1984

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology

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