Institutional reform, adaptive functioning of mentally retarded persons, and staff quality of work life

A. E. MacEachron, M. A. Zober, J. Fein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a previously reported, one-year field experiment of institutional reform, higher adaptive behavior among residents who lived in more normalizing residences was found (MacEachron, 1983). The main hypothesis of the present study was that staff quality of work life (job design, influence in decision-making, and leadership style of the immediate supervisor) may explain the effectiveness of institutional reform as well as staff satisfaction and motivation to perform effectively. Only greater staff influence in decision making could explain the effectiveness of institutional reform, although all quality-of-work-life perspectives were associated with staff satisfaction and motivation to perform effectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-388
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Volume89
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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