Instability of graphical strips and a positive answer to the bernstein problem in the heisenberg group ℍ1

D. Danielli, N. Garofalo, D. M. Nhieu, S. D. Pauls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the first Heisenberg group ℍ1 with its sub-Riemannian struc-ture generated by the horizontal subbundle, we single out a class of C2 non-characteristic entire intrinsic graphs which we call strict graphical strips. We prove that such strict graphical strips have vanishing horizontal mean curvature (i.e., they are H-minimal) and are unstable (i.e., there exist compactly supported deforma-tions for which the second variation of the horizontal perimeter is strictly negative). We then show that, modulo left-translations and rotations about the center of the group, every C2 entire H-minimal graph with empty characteristic locus and which is not a vertical plane contains a strict graphical strip. Combining these results we prove the conjecture that in ℍ1 the only stable C2 H- minimal entire graphs, with empty characteristic locus, are the vertical planes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-295
Number of pages45
JournalJournal of Differential Geometry
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Geometry and Topology

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