Insomnia treatment acceptability and preferences of male Iraq and Afghanistan combat Veterans and their healthcare providers

Dana Epstein, Judith L. Babcock-Parziale, Patricia L. Haynes, Christine A. Herb

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sleep difficulty is a prevalent problem among returning Veterans. Although there is strong evidence for the efficacy and durability of cognitive-behavioral treatment for insomnia (CBT-I) in the general population, the interventions require motivation, attention, and adherence from patients to achieve successful outcomes. Given the unique characteristics of Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans who have experienced blast-related injuries and other trauma, CBT-I for these patients may require modification, including alternative delivery methods, to ensure effective implementation and positive outcomes. We interviewed 18 OIF/OEF Veterans who screened positive for mild traumatic brain injury and 19 healthcare providers to determine the acceptability of insomnia treatments and preferences for the interventions and treatment delivery. Veterans and providers had distinct preferences for insomnia treatment and its delivery. The treatments the Veterans found most acceptable were also the ones they preferred: relaxation treatment and pharmacotherapy. The providers identified relaxation therapy as the most acceptable treatment. Veterans preferred the individual treatment format as well as electronic methods of treatment delivery. Despite some differences between patients and providers, a compromise through modification of empirically supported behavioral treatments is feasible, and implications for preference-based insomnia intervention development and testing are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)867-878
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
    Volume49
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 9 2012

    Fingerprint

    Afghanistan
    Iraq
    Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
    Veterans
    Health Personnel
    2003-2011 Iraq War
    Afghan Campaign 2001-
    Therapeutics
    Brain Concussion
    Blast Injuries
    Relaxation Therapy
    Patient Compliance
    Motivation
    Sleep

    Keywords

    • Cognitive-behavioral treatment
    • Healthcare provid-ers
    • Insomnia
    • OIF/OEF veterans
    • Pharmacotherapy
    • Poly-trauma
    • Sleep
    • Traumatic brain injury
    • Treatment acceptability
    • Treatment preference

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Rehabilitation

    Cite this

    Insomnia treatment acceptability and preferences of male Iraq and Afghanistan combat Veterans and their healthcare providers. / Epstein, Dana; Babcock-Parziale, Judith L.; Haynes, Patricia L.; Herb, Christine A.

    In: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, Vol. 49, No. 6, 09.11.2012, p. 867-878.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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