Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

Julia Fischer, James P. Higham, Susan C. Alberts, Louise Barrett, Jacinta C. Beehner, Thore J. Bergman, Alecia J. Carter, Anthony Collins, Sarah Elton, Joël Fagot, Maria Joana Ferreira da Silva, Kurt Hammerschmidt, Peter Henzi, Clifford J. Jolly, Sascha Knauf, Gisela H. Kopp, Jeffrey Rogers, Christian Roos, Caroline Ross, Robert M. SeyfarthJoan Silk, Noah Snyder-Mackler, Veronika Staedele, Larissa Swedell, Michael L. Wilson, Dietmar Zinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Baboons, members of the genus Papio, comprise six closely related species distributed throughout sub-Saharan Africa and southwest Arabia. The species exhibit more ecological flexibility and a wider range of social systems than many other primates. This article summarizes our current knowledge of the natural history of baboons and highlights directions for future research. We suggest that baboons can serve as a valuable model for complex evolutionary processes, such as speciation and hybridization. The evolution of baboons has been heavily shaped by climatic changes and population expansion and fragmentation in the African savanna environment, similar to the processes that acted during human evolution. With accumulating long-term data, and new data from previously understudied species, baboons are ideally suited for investigating the links between sociality, health, longevity and reproductive success. To achieve these aims, we propose a closer integration of studies at the proximate level, including functional genomics, with behavioral and ecological studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournaleLife
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2019

Fingerprint

Papio
Health
Arabia
Africa South of the Sahara
Reproductive Health
Genomics
Natural History
Primates
Direction compound
Population

Keywords

  • <i>p. cynocephalus</i>
  • baboon
  • evolutionary biology
  • fitness
  • Papio
  • phylogeography
  • social system
  • speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Fischer, J., Higham, J. P., Alberts, S. C., Barrett, L., Beehner, J. C., Bergman, T. J., ... Zinner, D. (2019). Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies. eLife, 8. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.50989

Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies. / Fischer, Julia; Higham, James P.; Alberts, Susan C.; Barrett, Louise; Beehner, Jacinta C.; Bergman, Thore J.; Carter, Alecia J.; Collins, Anthony; Elton, Sarah; Fagot, Joël; Ferreira da Silva, Maria Joana; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Henzi, Peter; Jolly, Clifford J.; Knauf, Sascha; Kopp, Gisela H.; Rogers, Jeffrey; Roos, Christian; Ross, Caroline; Seyfarth, Robert M.; Silk, Joan; Snyder-Mackler, Noah; Staedele, Veronika; Swedell, Larissa; Wilson, Michael L.; Zinner, Dietmar.

In: eLife, Vol. 8, 12.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fischer, J, Higham, JP, Alberts, SC, Barrett, L, Beehner, JC, Bergman, TJ, Carter, AJ, Collins, A, Elton, S, Fagot, J, Ferreira da Silva, MJ, Hammerschmidt, K, Henzi, P, Jolly, CJ, Knauf, S, Kopp, GH, Rogers, J, Roos, C, Ross, C, Seyfarth, RM, Silk, J, Snyder-Mackler, N, Staedele, V, Swedell, L, Wilson, ML & Zinner, D 2019, 'Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies', eLife, vol. 8. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.50989
Fischer J, Higham JP, Alberts SC, Barrett L, Beehner JC, Bergman TJ et al. Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies. eLife. 2019 Nov 12;8. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.50989
Fischer, Julia ; Higham, James P. ; Alberts, Susan C. ; Barrett, Louise ; Beehner, Jacinta C. ; Bergman, Thore J. ; Carter, Alecia J. ; Collins, Anthony ; Elton, Sarah ; Fagot, Joël ; Ferreira da Silva, Maria Joana ; Hammerschmidt, Kurt ; Henzi, Peter ; Jolly, Clifford J. ; Knauf, Sascha ; Kopp, Gisela H. ; Rogers, Jeffrey ; Roos, Christian ; Ross, Caroline ; Seyfarth, Robert M. ; Silk, Joan ; Snyder-Mackler, Noah ; Staedele, Veronika ; Swedell, Larissa ; Wilson, Michael L. ; Zinner, Dietmar. / Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies. In: eLife. 2019 ; Vol. 8.
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