Innovative Methods for Low-Temperature Contact Formation for Photovoltaics Applications

April Jeffries, Avinash Mamidanna, Jacob Clenney, Laura Ding, Owen Hildreth, Mariana Bertoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Interest in silicon heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer and newly proposed wider bandgap carrier selective contact solar cells in recent years motivates the investigation of low temperature contact formation in order to preserve the order of electronic quality of these layers as well as the chemical surface passivation provided by hydrogenated passivation layers. The realization of low temperature contacts may also broaden solar cell and other optoelectronic devices opportunities, e.g. to use thermally sensitive materials, such as flexible polymer substrates, while at the same time reducing the thermal budget expended on device fabrication. In this work, two methods for low-temperature ohmic contact formation are investigated. The first is a rapid localized annealing technique using electromagnetic induction and the second a deposition method using inkjet printing of reactive silver inks. These techniques are evaluated for use in solar cell devices (not only silicon-based) by comparing demonstrated properties to those targeted for front contacts to solar cells, i.e. finger width, aspect ratio, resistivity, specific contact resistance, and apparent adhesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781479979448
StatePublished - Dec 14 2015
Event42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Jun 14 2015Jun 19 2015


Other42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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