Inhibition of nitrification alters carbon turnover in the Patagonian steppe

Amy T. Austin, Osvaldo E. Sala, Robert B. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human activities are altering biodiversity and the nitrogen (N) cycle, affecting terrestrial carbon (C) cycling globally. Only a few specialized bacteria carry out nitrification-the transformation of ammonium (NH 4 + ) to nitrate (NO 3 - ), in terrestrial ecosystems, which determines the form and mobility of inorganic N in soils. However, the control of nitrification on C cycling in natural ecosystems is poorly understood. In an ecosystem experiment in the Patagonian steppe, we inhibited autotrophic nitrification and measured its effects on C and N cycling. Decreased net nitrification increased total mineral N and NH 4 + and reduced NO 3 - in the soil. Plant cover (P < 0.05) and decomposition (P < 0.0001) decreased with inhibition of nitrification, in spite of increases in NH 4 + availability. There were significant changes in the natural abundance of δ15N in the dominant vegetation when nitrification was inhibited suggesting that a switch occurred in the form of N (from NO 3 - to NH 4 + ) taken up by plants. Results from a controlled-condition experiment supported the field results by showing that the dominant plant species of the Patagonian steppe have a marked preference for nitrate. Our results indicate that nitrifying bacteria exert a major control on ecosystem functioning, and that the inhibition of nitrification results in significant alteration of the C cycle. The interactions between the C and N cycles suggest that rates of C cycling are affected not just by the amount of available N, but also by the relative availability for plant uptake of NH 4 + and NO 3 - .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
Number of pages9
JournalEcosystems
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ammonium
  • Argentina
  • Carbon cycling
  • N stable isotope
  • Nitrapyrin
  • Nitrate
  • Nitrification inhibition
  • Nitrogen mineralization
  • Patagonian steppe
  • Semi-arid ecosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Inhibition of nitrification alters carbon turnover in the Patagonian steppe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this