Inhibition and adjective learning in bilingual and monolingual children

Hanako Yoshida, Duc N. Tran, Viridiana Benitez, Megumi Kuwabara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to control attention -by inhibiting pre-potent, yet no longer relevant information -is an essential skill in all of human learning, and increasing evidence suggests that this ability is enhanced in language learning environments in which the learner is managing and using more than one language. One question waiting to be addressed is whether such efficient attentional control plays a role in word learning. That is, children who must manage two languages also must manage to learn two languages and the advantages of more efficient attentional control may benefit aspects of language learning within each language. This study compared bilingual and monolingual children's performances in an artificial word-learning task and in a non-linguistic task that measures attention control. Three-year-old monolingual and bilingual children with similar vocabulary development par-ticipated in these tasks. The results replicate earlier work showing advanced attentional control among bilingual children and suggest that this better attentional control may also benefit better performance in novel adjective learning. The findings provide the first direct evidence of a relation between performances in an artificial word-learning task and in an attentional control task. We discuss this finding with respect to the general relevance of attentional control for lexical learning in all children and with respect to current views of bilingual children's word learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberArticle 210
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume2
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Attentional control
  • Attentional network test
  • Novel adjective learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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