Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow

Kyoungyoun Kim, Hyung Jin Sung, Ronald Adrian

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

We examine the auto-generation process by which new hairpin vortices are created from a sufficiently strong hairpin vortex, leading to the formation of a hairpin packet. The initial conditions are given by conditionally averaged flow fields associated with the second quadrant (Q2) event in the fully turbulent channel flow DNS database at Ret=395. The nonlinear evolution of the initial vortical structure is tracked by performing a spectral simulation. Background noise is introduced by adding small amplitude perturbations to the initial field or by imposing momentum forcing. The background noise gives rise to chaotic development of a hairpin packet. The hairpins become asymmetric, leading to much more complicated packet structures than are observed in the symmetric hairpin vortex train of the flow with a clean background. However, the chaotic packets show the same properties as the clean packet in terms of the rate of growth of vertical and spanwise dimensions and the distance between successive vortices, suggesting that the auto-generation mechanism is robust. The background noise leads to a decrease in the minimum value of the Q2 strength required to trigger auto-generation, indicating that background noise enhances auto-generation, especially in the buffer layer. The auto-generation process is more enhanced by the background noise with wavenumbers kx < kz. Finally, the auto-generation process was tested in a real turbulent environment taken from an instantaneous field of a turbulent channel flow DNS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages47-52
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Event6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 22 2009Jun 24 2009

Other

Other6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/22/096/24/09

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Channel flow
Vortex flow
Buffer layers
Flow fields
Momentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Kim, K., Sung, H. J., & Adrian, R. (2009). Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow. 47-52. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.

Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow. / Kim, Kyoungyoun; Sung, Hyung Jin; Adrian, Ronald.

2009. 47-52 Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Kim, K, Sung, HJ & Adrian, R 2009, 'Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow' Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 6/22/09 - 6/24/09, pp. 47-52.
Kim K, Sung HJ, Adrian R. Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow. 2009. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.
Kim, Kyoungyoun ; Sung, Hyung Jin ; Adrian, Ronald. / Influences of background noise on auto-generation of near-wall vortical structures in a channel flow. Paper presented at 6th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2009, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.6 p.
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