Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange: Lessons from a model ocean

David T. Ho, Christopher J. Zappa, Wade R. McGillis, Larry F. Bliven, Brian Ward, John W.H. Dacey, Peter Schlosser, Melissa B. Hendricks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rain has been shown to significantly enhance the rate of air-water gas exchange in fresh water environments, and the mechanism behind this enhancement has been studied in laboratory experiments. In the ocean, the effects of rain are complicated by the potential influence of density stratification at the water surface. Since it is difficult to perform controlled rain-induced gas exchange experiments in the open ocean, an SF6 evasion experiment was conducted in the artificial ocean at Biosphere 2. The measurements show a rapid depletion of SF6 in the surface layer due to rain enhancement of air-sea gas exchange, and the gas transfer velocity was similar to that predicted from the relationship established from freshwater laboratory experiments. However, because vertical mixing is reduced by stratification, the overall gas flux is lower than that found during freshwater experiments. Physical measurements of various properties of the ocean during the rain events further elucidate the mechanisms behind the observed response. The findings suggest that short, intense rain events accelerate gas exchange in oceanic environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans
Volume109
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

gas exchange
ocean models
rain
Rain
oceans
Gases
air
ocean
Air
stratification
Experiments
Water
Biosphere 2
gases
biosphere
fresh water
augmentation
experiment
vertical mixing
surface water

Keywords

  • Gas exchange
  • Rain
  • SF6
  • Stratification
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Ho, D. T., Zappa, C. J., McGillis, W. R., Bliven, L. F., Ward, B., Dacey, J. W. H., ... Hendricks, M. B. (2004). Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange: Lessons from a model ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, 109(8). https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JC001806

Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange : Lessons from a model ocean. / Ho, David T.; Zappa, Christopher J.; McGillis, Wade R.; Bliven, Larry F.; Ward, Brian; Dacey, John W.H.; Schlosser, Peter; Hendricks, Melissa B.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, Vol. 109, No. 8, 15.08.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ho, DT, Zappa, CJ, McGillis, WR, Bliven, LF, Ward, B, Dacey, JWH, Schlosser, P & Hendricks, MB 2004, 'Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange: Lessons from a model ocean', Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, vol. 109, no. 8. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JC001806
Ho, David T. ; Zappa, Christopher J. ; McGillis, Wade R. ; Bliven, Larry F. ; Ward, Brian ; Dacey, John W.H. ; Schlosser, Peter ; Hendricks, Melissa B. / Influence of rain on air-sea gas exchange : Lessons from a model ocean. In: Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans. 2004 ; Vol. 109, No. 8.
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