Influence of Ni nanoparticle addition and spark plasma sintering on the TiNiSn-Ni system: Structure, microstructure, and thermoelectric properties

Christina S. Birkel, Jason E. Douglas, Bethany R. Lettiere, Gareth Seward, Yichi Zhang, Tresa M. Pollock, Ram Seshadri, Galen D. Stucky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electronic and thermal properties of thermoelectric materials are highly dependent on their microstructure and therefore on the preparation conditions, including the initial synthesis and, if applicable, densification of the obtained powders. Introduction of secondary phases on the nano- and/or microscale is widely used to improve the thermoelectric figure of merit by reduction of the thermal conductivity. In order to understand the effect of the preparation technique on structure and properties, we have studied the thermoelectric properties of the well-known half-Heusler TiNiSn with addition of a small amount of nickel nanoparticles. The different parameters are the initial synthesis (levitation melting and microwave heating), the amount of nickel nanoparticles added and the exact pressing profile using spark plasma sintering. The resulting materials have been characterized by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and microprobe measurements and their thermoelectric properties are investigated. We found the lowest (lattice) thermal conductivity in samples with full-Heusler TiNi 2 Sn and Ni 3 Sn 4 as secondary phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Sciences
Volume26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spark plasma sintering
sparks
Nickel
Thermal conductivity
sintering
Levitation melting
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
microstructure
Microstructure
Microwave heating
Synchrotrons
Densification
Electronic properties
Powders
levitation melting
thermal conductivity
Thermodynamic properties
nickel
X ray diffraction

Keywords

  • Half-Heusler TiNiSn
  • Microstructure
  • Ni nanoparticles
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Thermoelectrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Influence of Ni nanoparticle addition and spark plasma sintering on the TiNiSn-Ni system : Structure, microstructure, and thermoelectric properties. / Birkel, Christina S.; Douglas, Jason E.; Lettiere, Bethany R.; Seward, Gareth; Zhang, Yichi; Pollock, Tresa M.; Seshadri, Ram; Stucky, Galen D.

In: Solid State Sciences, Vol. 26, 01.01.2013, p. 16-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Birkel, Christina S. ; Douglas, Jason E. ; Lettiere, Bethany R. ; Seward, Gareth ; Zhang, Yichi ; Pollock, Tresa M. ; Seshadri, Ram ; Stucky, Galen D. / Influence of Ni nanoparticle addition and spark plasma sintering on the TiNiSn-Ni system : Structure, microstructure, and thermoelectric properties. In: Solid State Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 26. pp. 16-22.
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