Influence of hearing loss on the perceptual strategies of children and adults

Andrea Pittman, Patricia G. Stelmachowicz, Dawna E. Lewis, Brenda M. Hoover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To accommodate growing vocabularies, young children are thought to modify their perceptual weights as they gain experience with speech and language. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the perceptual weights of children and adults with hearing loss differ from those of their normal-hearing counterparts. Adults and children with normal hearing and with hearing loss served as participants. Fricative and vowel segments within consonant-vowel-consonant stimuli were presented at randomly selected levels under two conditions: unaltered and with the formant transition removed. Overall performance for each group was calculated as a function of segment level. Perceptual weights were also calculated for each group using point-biserial correlation coefficients that relate the level of each segment to performance. Results revealed child-adult differences in overall performance and also revealed an effect of hearing loss. Despite these performance differences, the pattern of perceptual weights was similar across all four groups for most conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1276-1284
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hearing Loss
Weights and Measures
Hearing
performance
Group
Vocabulary
Weight Gain
vocabulary
stimulus
Language
Hearing Impairment
language
experience
Consonant

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Children
  • Perceptual strategies
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Influence of hearing loss on the perceptual strategies of children and adults. / Pittman, Andrea; Stelmachowicz, Patricia G.; Lewis, Dawna E.; Hoover, Brenda M.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 45, No. 6, 12.2002, p. 1276-1284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pittman, Andrea ; Stelmachowicz, Patricia G. ; Lewis, Dawna E. ; Hoover, Brenda M. / Influence of hearing loss on the perceptual strategies of children and adults. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2002 ; Vol. 45, No. 6. pp. 1276-1284.
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