Influence of expiratory flow on closing capacity at low expiratory flow rates

J. R. Rodarte, R. E. Hyatt, D. A. Cortese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single breath oxygen (SBO2) tests at expiratory flow rates of 0.2, 0.5, and 1.01/s were performed by 10 normal subjects in a body plethysmograph. Closing capacity (CC) the absolute lung volume at which phase IV began increased significantly with increases in flow. Five subjects were restudied with a 200 ml bolus of 100% N2 inspired from residual volume after N2 washout by breathing 100% O2 and similar results were obtained. An additional five subjects performed SBO2 tests in the standing, supine and prone positions; closing volume (CV), the lung volume above residual volume at which phase IV began, also increased with increases of expiratory flow. The observed increase in CG with increasing flow did not appear to result from dependent lung regions reaching some critical 'closing volume' at a higher overall lung volume. In normal subjects, the phase IV increase in N2 concentration may be caused by the asynchronous onset of flow limitation occurring initially in dependent regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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