Influence of El Niño/southern oscillaiton, Pacific decadal oscillation, and local sea-surface temperature anomalies on peak season monsoon precipitation in India

Shouraseni Sen Roy, Gregory B. Goodrich, Robert Balling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many modeling and empirical studies have revealed that summer monsoon precipitation in India is significantly affected by El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as well as by sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) in the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, and Indian Ocean. Recently, the impact of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO) on Indian rainfall has been the focus of research. In this investigation, we collect monthly rainfall data for 18 grid cells covering India and develop statistical indices of ENSO, PDO, and local SSTs over the period 1925-1998. We find that ENSO reduces precipitation in southern India while having a small impact over most of the country. The PDO appears to amplify the ENSO signal in southern India, while local SSTs were directly related to monsoon precipitation totals in the southern peninsula region. While the associations are often statistically significant, the combination of ENSO, PDO, and SSTs explains less than 20% of the variance in monsoon rainfall throughout India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalClimate Research
Volume25
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 5 2003

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Pacific Decadal Oscillation
Southern Oscillation
temperature anomaly
monsoon
sea surface temperature
Rain
rainfall
Temperature
summer
modeling

Keywords

  • El Niño/Southern oscillation
  • India monsoon rainfall
  • Pacific decadal oscillation
  • Sea surface temperatures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Influence of El Niño/southern oscillaiton, Pacific decadal oscillation, and local sea-surface temperature anomalies on peak season monsoon precipitation in India. / Roy, Shouraseni Sen; Goodrich, Gregory B.; Balling, Robert.

In: Climate Research, Vol. 25, No. 2, 05.12.2003, p. 171-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Many modeling and empirical studies have revealed that summer monsoon precipitation in India is significantly affected by El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) as well as by sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) in the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, and Indian Ocean. Recently, the impact of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO) on Indian rainfall has been the focus of research. In this investigation, we collect monthly rainfall data for 18 grid cells covering India and develop statistical indices of ENSO, PDO, and local SSTs over the period 1925-1998. We find that ENSO reduces precipitation in southern India while having a small impact over most of the country. The PDO appears to amplify the ENSO signal in southern India, while local SSTs were directly related to monsoon precipitation totals in the southern peninsula region. While the associations are often statistically significant, the combination of ENSO, PDO, and SSTs explains less than 20% of the variance in monsoon rainfall throughout India.

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