Inexpert calibration of comprehension

Arthur Glenberg, William Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Students with a wide range of course work in physics or music theory read expositions in both domains. After reading 16 texts, each student provided a judgment of confidence in his/her ability to verify inferences based on the central principles of the texts. The primary dependent variable was calibration of comprehension, the degree of association between confidence and performance on the inference test. Two results of most interest were that (1) expertise in a domain was inversely related to calibration and (2) subjects were well calibrated across domains. Both of these results can be accommodated by a self-classification strategy: Confidence judgments are based on self-classification as expert or nonexpert in the domain of the text, rather than on an assessment of the degree to which the text was comprehended. Because self-classifications are not well differentiated within a domain, application of the strategy by experts produces poor calibration within a domain. Nonetheless, because self-classification is generally consistent with performance across domains, application of the strategy produces calibration across domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalMemory & Cognition
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Calibration
Students
Aptitude
Physics
Music
Reading
Confidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Inexpert calibration of comprehension. / Glenberg, Arthur; Epstein, William.

In: Memory & Cognition, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.1987, p. 84-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glenberg, Arthur ; Epstein, William. / Inexpert calibration of comprehension. In: Memory & Cognition. 1987 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 84-93.
@article{daa0be5dce7f4b6ea5850fe748e47d81,
title = "Inexpert calibration of comprehension",
abstract = "Students with a wide range of course work in physics or music theory read expositions in both domains. After reading 16 texts, each student provided a judgment of confidence in his/her ability to verify inferences based on the central principles of the texts. The primary dependent variable was calibration of comprehension, the degree of association between confidence and performance on the inference test. Two results of most interest were that (1) expertise in a domain was inversely related to calibration and (2) subjects were well calibrated across domains. Both of these results can be accommodated by a self-classification strategy: Confidence judgments are based on self-classification as expert or nonexpert in the domain of the text, rather than on an assessment of the degree to which the text was comprehended. Because self-classifications are not well differentiated within a domain, application of the strategy by experts produces poor calibration within a domain. Nonetheless, because self-classification is generally consistent with performance across domains, application of the strategy produces calibration across domains.",
author = "Arthur Glenberg and William Epstein",
year = "1987",
month = "1",
doi = "10.3758/BF03197714",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "84--93",
journal = "Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inexpert calibration of comprehension

AU - Glenberg, Arthur

AU - Epstein, William

PY - 1987/1

Y1 - 1987/1

N2 - Students with a wide range of course work in physics or music theory read expositions in both domains. After reading 16 texts, each student provided a judgment of confidence in his/her ability to verify inferences based on the central principles of the texts. The primary dependent variable was calibration of comprehension, the degree of association between confidence and performance on the inference test. Two results of most interest were that (1) expertise in a domain was inversely related to calibration and (2) subjects were well calibrated across domains. Both of these results can be accommodated by a self-classification strategy: Confidence judgments are based on self-classification as expert or nonexpert in the domain of the text, rather than on an assessment of the degree to which the text was comprehended. Because self-classifications are not well differentiated within a domain, application of the strategy by experts produces poor calibration within a domain. Nonetheless, because self-classification is generally consistent with performance across domains, application of the strategy produces calibration across domains.

AB - Students with a wide range of course work in physics or music theory read expositions in both domains. After reading 16 texts, each student provided a judgment of confidence in his/her ability to verify inferences based on the central principles of the texts. The primary dependent variable was calibration of comprehension, the degree of association between confidence and performance on the inference test. Two results of most interest were that (1) expertise in a domain was inversely related to calibration and (2) subjects were well calibrated across domains. Both of these results can be accommodated by a self-classification strategy: Confidence judgments are based on self-classification as expert or nonexpert in the domain of the text, rather than on an assessment of the degree to which the text was comprehended. Because self-classifications are not well differentiated within a domain, application of the strategy by experts produces poor calibration within a domain. Nonetheless, because self-classification is generally consistent with performance across domains, application of the strategy produces calibration across domains.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023252874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023252874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03197714

DO - 10.3758/BF03197714

M3 - Article

C2 - 3821493

AN - SCOPUS:0023252874

VL - 15

SP - 84

EP - 93

JO - Memory and Cognition

JF - Memory and Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

IS - 1

ER -