Individual differences in the effects of retrieval from long-term memory

Gene Brewer, Nash Unsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study examined individual differences in the effects of retrieval from long-term memory (i.e., the testing effect). The effects of retrieving from memory make tested information more accessible for future retrieval attempts. Despite the broad applied ramifications of such a potent memorization technique there is a paucity of research tailored toward scrutinizing variability in the effect. Multiple measures of working memory capacity, attention control, episodic memory, and general-fluid intelligence were collected in addition to performance in a standard paired-associate testing task. A testing effect was observed and there was a great deal of individual variability in the magnitude of the effect. This variability was best accounted for by memory and intelligence constructs. Furthermore, the pattern of results is consistent with the notion that students with poor memory abilities and lower general-fluid intelligence benefit more so from testing memory than high ability students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

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Long-Term Memory
Individuality
Intelligence
Data storage equipment
Aptitude
intelligence
Students
Testing
Episodic Memory
Short-Term Memory
Fluids
ability
Long-term Memory
Individual Differences
Research
student
Testing Effect
performance

Keywords

  • Attention control
  • Episodic memory
  • Individual differences
  • Intelligence
  • Testing effect
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Individual differences in the effects of retrieval from long-term memory. / Brewer, Gene; Unsworth, Nash.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 66, No. 3, 04.2012, p. 407-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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