Individual and structural factors predicting HIV testing among Latinx MSM: substance use as a moderator

Austin C. Eklund, Frank Dillon, Ryan C. Ebersole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The rate of HIV infection for Latinx men who have sex with men (LMSM) increased by 20% from 2008 to 2014 even as rates stabilized among MSM of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. We hypothesize that this disparity is partially attributable to individual and structural factors associated with HIV testing, including substance use practices, among LMSM. In this retrospective study, we examined data from 502 LMSM to determine whether (a) hypothesized relationships exist between individual factors (perceived HIV susceptibility, experiences with HIV prevention, condom use, sex under the influence, sexual identity development status, heterosexual self-presentation, and traditional Latinx gender norms) and structural factors (access to healthcare resources and social support) and HIV testing for LMSM. We also tested whether (b) substance use practices moderate relations between individual and structural factors and HIV testing. Findings indicate that (a) relationships exist between several individual and structural factors and HIV testing and that (b) substance use moderated these relationships to HIV testing in a number of hypothesized ways. Practice and prevention implications are discussed.

Fingerprint

moderator
HIV
self-presentation
social support
gender
Sexual Development
resources
Heterosexuality
Condoms
Social Support
experience
HIV Infections
Retrospective Studies
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • HIV testing
  • Latinx
  • men who have sex with men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Individual and structural factors predicting HIV testing among Latinx MSM: substance use as a moderator",
abstract = "The rate of HIV infection for Latinx men who have sex with men (LMSM) increased by 20{\%} from 2008 to 2014 even as rates stabilized among MSM of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. We hypothesize that this disparity is partially attributable to individual and structural factors associated with HIV testing, including substance use practices, among LMSM. In this retrospective study, we examined data from 502 LMSM to determine whether (a) hypothesized relationships exist between individual factors (perceived HIV susceptibility, experiences with HIV prevention, condom use, sex under the influence, sexual identity development status, heterosexual self-presentation, and traditional Latinx gender norms) and structural factors (access to healthcare resources and social support) and HIV testing for LMSM. We also tested whether (b) substance use practices moderate relations between individual and structural factors and HIV testing. Findings indicate that (a) relationships exist between several individual and structural factors and HIV testing and that (b) substance use moderated these relationships to HIV testing in a number of hypothesized ways. Practice and prevention implications are discussed.",
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author = "Eklund, {Austin C.} and Frank Dillon and Ebersole, {Ryan C.}",
year = "2019",
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T2 - substance use as a moderator

AU - Eklund, Austin C.

AU - Dillon, Frank

AU - Ebersole, Ryan C.

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N2 - The rate of HIV infection for Latinx men who have sex with men (LMSM) increased by 20% from 2008 to 2014 even as rates stabilized among MSM of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. We hypothesize that this disparity is partially attributable to individual and structural factors associated with HIV testing, including substance use practices, among LMSM. In this retrospective study, we examined data from 502 LMSM to determine whether (a) hypothesized relationships exist between individual factors (perceived HIV susceptibility, experiences with HIV prevention, condom use, sex under the influence, sexual identity development status, heterosexual self-presentation, and traditional Latinx gender norms) and structural factors (access to healthcare resources and social support) and HIV testing for LMSM. We also tested whether (b) substance use practices moderate relations between individual and structural factors and HIV testing. Findings indicate that (a) relationships exist between several individual and structural factors and HIV testing and that (b) substance use moderated these relationships to HIV testing in a number of hypothesized ways. Practice and prevention implications are discussed.

AB - The rate of HIV infection for Latinx men who have sex with men (LMSM) increased by 20% from 2008 to 2014 even as rates stabilized among MSM of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. We hypothesize that this disparity is partially attributable to individual and structural factors associated with HIV testing, including substance use practices, among LMSM. In this retrospective study, we examined data from 502 LMSM to determine whether (a) hypothesized relationships exist between individual factors (perceived HIV susceptibility, experiences with HIV prevention, condom use, sex under the influence, sexual identity development status, heterosexual self-presentation, and traditional Latinx gender norms) and structural factors (access to healthcare resources and social support) and HIV testing for LMSM. We also tested whether (b) substance use practices moderate relations between individual and structural factors and HIV testing. Findings indicate that (a) relationships exist between several individual and structural factors and HIV testing and that (b) substance use moderated these relationships to HIV testing in a number of hypothesized ways. Practice and prevention implications are discussed.

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