Increasing Screening Mammography in Asymptomatic Women: Evaluation of a Second-Generation, Theory-Based Program

Leona S. Aiken, Stephen West, Claudia K. Woodward, Raymond R. Reno, Kim D. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two theory-based programs to increase mammography screening rates among asymptomatic women were implemented and evaluated in the community. One program (E) was based on the Health Belief Model (HBM); the second program (EP) added exercises adapted from the social psychology of compliance. Program impact on screening among 295 primarily Caucasian, middle-class women was evaluated against untreated controls (C) over a 6-month period. Both programs led to increases in HBM components (Perceived Susceptibility, and Perceived Benefits) and Intentions to obtain a mammogram. Screening rates 2 to 3 times higher were observed in the EP and E over C conditions; EP and E did not differ. A mediational model of compliance illustrated the interplay of HBM components in the compliance process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-538
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume13
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1994

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Mammography
Compliance
Health
Social Psychology
Exercise

Keywords

  • health belief model
  • mammography screening intervention
  • mediation of intervention effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Increasing Screening Mammography in Asymptomatic Women : Evaluation of a Second-Generation, Theory-Based Program. / Aiken, Leona S.; West, Stephen; Woodward, Claudia K.; Reno, Raymond R.; Reynolds, Kim D.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 6, 11.1994, p. 526-538.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aiken, Leona S. ; West, Stephen ; Woodward, Claudia K. ; Reno, Raymond R. ; Reynolds, Kim D. / Increasing Screening Mammography in Asymptomatic Women : Evaluation of a Second-Generation, Theory-Based Program. In: Health Psychology. 1994 ; Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 526-538.
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