Incorporating prototyping and iteration into intervention development: A case study of a dining hall-based intervention

Arianna D. McClain, Eric B. Hekler, Christopher D. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous research from the fields of computer science and engineering highlight the importance of an iterative design process (IDP) to create more creative and effective solutions. Objective: This study describes IDP as a new method for developing health behavior interventions and evaluates the effectiveness of a dining hall-based intervention developed using IDP on college students eating behavior and values. Participants: participants were 458 students (52.6% female, age = 19.6 ± 1.5 years [M ± SD]). Methods: The intervention was developed via an IDP parallel process. A cluster-randomized controlled study compared differences in eating behavior among students in 4 university dining halls (2 intervention, 2 control). Results: The final intervention was a multicomponent, point-of-selection marketing campaign. Students in the intervention dining halls consumed significantly less junk food and high-fat meat and increased their perceived importance of eating a healthful diet relative to the control group. Conclusion: IDP may be valuable for the development of behavior change interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-131
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of American College Health
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

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Students
Feeding Behavior
Health Behavior
Marketing
Meat
Eating
Fats
Diet
Food
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • college students
  • healthy eating
  • intervention development
  • iterative design process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Incorporating prototyping and iteration into intervention development : A case study of a dining hall-based intervention. / McClain, Arianna D.; Hekler, Eric B.; Gardner, Christopher D.

In: Journal of American College Health, Vol. 61, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 122-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McClain, Arianna D. ; Hekler, Eric B. ; Gardner, Christopher D. / Incorporating prototyping and iteration into intervention development : A case study of a dining hall-based intervention. In: Journal of American College Health. 2013 ; Vol. 61, No. 2. pp. 122-131.
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