InAs–InAsxSb1-x Type-II Superlattice Midwave Infrared Lasers Grown on InAs Substrates

Yong Hang Zhang, Richard H. Miles, David H. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper reports a detailed study of InAs–InAsxSh1-x Type-II superlattice (SL) midwave infrared laser structures, in which the band-to-band radiative transitions are spatially indirect, from extended electron states in the conduction band to relatively localized heavy-hole states in the valence band. Due to the large valence band offset between InSb and InAs, the effective bandgap of InAs–InAsxSb1-x Type-II SL can cover a broad infrared wavelength range, from 3.0 μm to far infrared (> 10μm). Under CW optical pumping, stimulated light emission is observed from laser structures consisting of InAs–InAsxSb1-x Type-II SL active regions capped by AlAs0.16Sb0.84 cladding layers. The operating wavelengths are around 3.4 μm, which is in good agreement with theoretical modeling. The overlap between electron and hole wavefunctions along the growth direction is calculated to be 0.89. Equivalent CW threshold current densities are 3.3 A/cm2 and 56 A/cm2 at sample temperatures of 5 K and 95 K, respectively. The corresponding characteristic temperature (T0) is 32 K. These results demonstrate that the InAs–InAsxSb1-x Type-II SL is a very promising candidate material for midwave infrared semiconductor lasers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-756
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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