In These Spaces: Perceived Neighborhood Quality as a Protective Factor Against Discrimination for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) Adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

LGB adults are at elevated risk for experiences of discrimination and related psychological health concerns. Surprisingly, research on the factors that may buffer against discrimination and its deleterious psychological effects in LGB adults has been limited. The researcher examined perceived neighborhood quality as a protective factor in the association between past-year discrimination and psychological distress (i.e., depression/anxiety symptoms) for LGB adults compared with heterosexual adults. Data were drawn from LGB (n 431; ngay 200; nlesbian 102; nbisexual 129) and heterosexual (n 7,340) samples surveyed in an urban Midwestern county. Results revealed a significant 3-way interaction (Past-year discrimination Perceived neighborhood quality Sexual minority status; B .30, SE .07, p .001). For LGB but not heterosexual respondents, perceived neighborhood quality emerged as a significant moderator of the association between discrimination and psychological distress (B .32, SE .06, p .001). Specifically, discrimination was not significantly related to psychological distress for LGB respondents perceiving higher neighborhood quality, thus indicating a buffering effect. By contrast, the association between discrimination and psychological distress remained significant for LGB respondents reporting lower perceived neighborhood quality and heterosexual respondents. These patterns of results held when controlling for demographic variables and when examining the gay, lesbian, and bisexual subsamples separately. Results suggest that perceived neighborhood quality may be a culturally relevant protective factor for LGB adults facing discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-352
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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discrimination
Heterosexuality
Psychology
Sexual Minorities
Protective Factors
moderator
minority
anxiety
interaction
health
experience
Silicone Elastomers

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • LGB minorities
  • Mental health
  • Perceived neighborhood quality
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

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title = "In These Spaces: Perceived Neighborhood Quality as a Protective Factor Against Discrimination for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) Adults",
abstract = "LGB adults are at elevated risk for experiences of discrimination and related psychological health concerns. Surprisingly, research on the factors that may buffer against discrimination and its deleterious psychological effects in LGB adults has been limited. The researcher examined perceived neighborhood quality as a protective factor in the association between past-year discrimination and psychological distress (i.e., depression/anxiety symptoms) for LGB adults compared with heterosexual adults. Data were drawn from LGB (n 431; ngay 200; nlesbian 102; nbisexual 129) and heterosexual (n 7,340) samples surveyed in an urban Midwestern county. Results revealed a significant 3-way interaction (Past-year discrimination Perceived neighborhood quality Sexual minority status; B .30, SE .07, p .001). For LGB but not heterosexual respondents, perceived neighborhood quality emerged as a significant moderator of the association between discrimination and psychological distress (B .32, SE .06, p .001). Specifically, discrimination was not significantly related to psychological distress for LGB respondents perceiving higher neighborhood quality, thus indicating a buffering effect. By contrast, the association between discrimination and psychological distress remained significant for LGB respondents reporting lower perceived neighborhood quality and heterosexual respondents. These patterns of results held when controlling for demographic variables and when examining the gay, lesbian, and bisexual subsamples separately. Results suggest that perceived neighborhood quality may be a culturally relevant protective factor for LGB adults facing discrimination.",
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author = "Giac-Thao Tran",
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