A RF H-plasma exposure was used to clean the surface of Si-SiO2 patterned wafers. The areal coverage of SiO2 to bare Si was 4 to 1, and the patterns were long strips, small squares, and large open regions. The plasma-surface etching was monitored by residual gas analysis (RGA). The RGA spectra indicated etching of the Si surface at temperatures below 400 °C and no detectable by-products due to interactions with the SiO2 regions for temperatures <450 °C. The patterned surfaces were characterized with low energy electron diffraction (LEED) (from the bare Si regions) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The LEED patterns indicate 1×1 and 2×1 surface symmetries at 300 and 450 °C, respectively. The sharpness of the LEED patterns as well as the 2×1 reconstruction indicated that the H-plasma cleaned the bare Si regions. In addition, AFM measurements indicated that the Si and SiO2 surface rms roughnesses do not vary significantly due to the H-plasma exposure. It can be concluded from the RGA and AFM data that the remote H-plasma process at 450 °C cleaned the surface and did not significantly react with either the Si or SiO2 regions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the Electrochemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Surfaces and Interfaces