Impulsive and Callous Traits Are More Strongly Associated With Delinquent Behavior in Higher Risk Neighborhoods Among Boys and Girls

Madeline Meier, Wendy S. Slutske, Stephan Arndt, Remi J. Cadoret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the effect of impulsive and callous personality traits on delinquent behavior varied across neighborhood context in a population-based, statewide sample of 85,000 Iowa schoolchildren ages 10-19. Two previous studies examining the association between impulsivity and delinquency across disadvantaged and affluent neighborhoods have yielded contrasting findings. Results of the present study suggested a robust moderating effect of neighborhood context on personality risk for delinquency. The relation between impulsivity and delinquency was greater in neighborhoods low in collective efficacy compared to neighborhoods high in collective efficacy. A similar interaction was found for callous personality traits, indicating the consistency of the moderating effect of neighborhood context on personality risk for delinquency. Gender differences were also examined, and results were replicated in a holdout sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Personality
Impulsive Behavior
Vulnerable Populations
Population

Keywords

  • callousness
  • delinquency
  • gender differences
  • impulsivity
  • neighborhood context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Impulsive and Callous Traits Are More Strongly Associated With Delinquent Behavior in Higher Risk Neighborhoods Among Boys and Girls. / Meier, Madeline; Slutske, Wendy S.; Arndt, Stephan; Cadoret, Remi J.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 117, No. 2, 05.2008, p. 377-385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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