Improving the Dependability of Research in Personality and Social Psychology: Recommendations for Research and Educational Practice

David C. Funder, John M. Levine, Diane M. Mackie, Carolyn C. Morf, Carol Sansone, Simine Vazire, Stephen West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Task Force on Publication and Research Practices offers a brief statistical primer and recommendations for improving the dependability of research. Recommendations for research practice include (a) describing and addressing the choice of N (sample size) and consequent issues of statistical power, (b) reporting effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), (c) avoiding "questionable research practices" that can inflate the probability of Type I error, (d) making available research materials necessary to replicate reported results, (e) adhering to SPSP's data sharing policy, (f) encouraging publication of high-quality replication studies, and (g) maintaining flexibility and openness to alternative standards and methods. Recommendations for educational practice include (a) encouraging a culture of "getting it right," (b) teaching and encouraging transparency of data reporting, (c) improving methodological instruction, and (d) modeling sound science and supporting junior researchers who seek to "get it right."

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Review
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • educational practice
  • effect size
  • replicability
  • research methods
  • statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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