Improving Soft Law Governance of the Internet of Things

Jordan M. Buckwald, Gary E. Marchant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


From smart cities to smart homes to smart factories, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the underlying technology that is powering a sea change in human-technological interaction. The IoT consists of an ever-expanding network of 'things' that are connected to the Internet. These connected 'things' go beyond the ubiquitous Internet and mobile platforms currently in existence, such as laptops and smartphones, and now include medical devices [1], smart meters [2], home personal assistants [3], smart home appliances, and motor vehicles [4], to name some examples. With an estimated 22 billion IoT connected devices in use around the world as of 2018 [5], there are already more 'things' connected to the Internet than people, and forecasts are that there will be between 40 and 50 billion connected 'things' by 2025 [6].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-114
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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