Improving public response to disaster warnings: A discussion panel

Marita A. O'Brien, Ellen J. Bass, James P. Bliss, Nancy Cooke, Michael J. Kalsher, Christopher B. Mayhorn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stories about substantial human and property losses caused by natural disasters made headlines in 2011 throughout the U.S. and around the world. Many of these stories described problems with the disaster warnings themselves as well as with human responses to these warnings, both of which may have increased the number of casualties. Although human factors research has made significant contributions to the design of product warnings in general, studies focused specifically on disaster warnings and associated responses are sparse (Cooke & Winner, 2007). Furthermore, disseminating warnings and supplemental information to guide decision making by the general public is increasingly challenging due to the rapid adoption of heterogeneous mobile technologies, particularly those providing Internet access. These technologies facilitate access to even more information during these time-sensitive situations, but the information may not be presented in ways that support effective decision-making. In this panel, we will discuss opportunities for human factors research to improve the public's preparation and response to disaster warnings. Panelists will discuss their research on individual differences in warning design and response, training effects on warning response, social media and emergency communications, communication and coordination among ad hoc disaster response teams, and decision making by weather forecasters. From these discussions, we hope to identify research areas with high potential for short-term impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Pages2036-2039
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
EventProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, HFES 2012 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Oct 22 2012Oct 26 2012

Other

OtherProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, HFES 2012
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period10/22/1210/26/12

Fingerprint

Disasters
disaster
decision making
Decision making
Human engineering
social media
Communication
natural disaster
communications
Internet
communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

O'Brien, M. A., Bass, E. J., Bliss, J. P., Cooke, N., Kalsher, M. J., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2012). Improving public response to disaster warnings: A discussion panel. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (pp. 2036-2039) https://doi.org/10.1177/1071181312561425

Improving public response to disaster warnings : A discussion panel. / O'Brien, Marita A.; Bass, Ellen J.; Bliss, James P.; Cooke, Nancy; Kalsher, Michael J.; Mayhorn, Christopher B.

Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 2012. p. 2036-2039.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

O'Brien, MA, Bass, EJ, Bliss, JP, Cooke, N, Kalsher, MJ & Mayhorn, CB 2012, Improving public response to disaster warnings: A discussion panel. in Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. pp. 2036-2039, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, HFES 2012, Boston, MA, United States, 10/22/12. https://doi.org/10.1177/1071181312561425
O'Brien MA, Bass EJ, Bliss JP, Cooke N, Kalsher MJ, Mayhorn CB. Improving public response to disaster warnings: A discussion panel. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 2012. p. 2036-2039 https://doi.org/10.1177/1071181312561425
O'Brien, Marita A. ; Bass, Ellen J. ; Bliss, James P. ; Cooke, Nancy ; Kalsher, Michael J. ; Mayhorn, Christopher B. / Improving public response to disaster warnings : A discussion panel. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 2012. pp. 2036-2039
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