Improving Language-Focused Comprehension Instruction in Primary-Grade Classrooms: Impacts of the Let’s Know! Experimental Curriculum

Language, Amy Pratt, Jessica Logan, Laura M. Justice, Richard Lomax, Ann O’Connell, Jill Pentimonti, Stephen A. Petrill, Shayne B. Piasta, Shelley Gray, Maria Restrepo, Kate Cain, Hugh Catts, Mindy Bridges, Diane Nielsen, Tiffany Hogan, Jim Bovaird, J. Ron Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study was designed to test the impacts of a curriculum supplement, Let’s Know!, on the quantity and quality of language-focused comprehension instruction in pre-kindergarten to third grade classrooms. Sixty classrooms (12 per each of pre-K to grade 3) were enrolled in the study, with 40 teachers assigned to implement one of two versions of the experimental Let’s Know! curriculum and 20 assigned to a control condition, in which they maintained their typical language-arts curriculum. Classroom observations, 90 min in duration, were collected near the end of the first unit’s completion, about 4 to 5 weeks into the academic year. These observations were coded to examine impacts of Let’s Know! instruction on two outcomes: (a) teachers’ use of 18 language-focused comprehension supports and (b) general classroom quality. Study results using quantile regression showed that Let’s Know! teachers used a significantly higher number of language-focused comprehension supports during Let’s Know! instruction compared to the control teachers during language-arts instruction; the same finding was also true for general classroom quality. Quantile regression results showed the greatest differentiation in instructional quality, when comparing experimental and control teachers, for teachers in the middle of the distribution of general classroom quality. Study findings highlight the value of language-focused curricula for heightening comprehension-specific supports in pre-K to grade 3 settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-377
Number of pages21
JournalEducational Psychology Review
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Classroom processes
  • Language intervention
  • Reading comprehension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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    Language, Pratt, A., Logan, J., Justice, L. M., Lomax, R., O’Connell, A., Pentimonti, J., Petrill, S. A., Piasta, S. B., Gray, S., Restrepo, M., Cain, K., Catts, H., Bridges, M., Nielsen, D., Hogan, T., Bovaird, J., & Nelson, J. R. (2014). Improving Language-Focused Comprehension Instruction in Primary-Grade Classrooms: Impacts of the Let’s Know! Experimental Curriculum. Educational Psychology Review, 26(3), 357-377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-014-9275-1