Improved helicopter aeromechanical stability analysis using segmented constrained layer damping and hybrid optimization

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Aeromechanical stability plays a critical role in helicopter design and lead-lag damping is crucial to this design. In this paper, the use of segmented constrained damping layer (SCL) treatment and composite tailoring is investigated for improved rotor aeromechanical stability using formal optimization technique. The principal load-carrying member in the rotor blade is represented by a composite box beam, of arbitrary thickness, with surface bonded SCLs. A comprehensive theory is used to model the smart box beam. A ground resonance analysis model and an air resonance analysis model are implemented in the rotor blade built around the composite box beam with SCLs. The Pitt-Peters dynamic inflow model is used in air resonance analysis under hover condition. A hybrid optimization technique is used to investigate the optimum design of the composite box beam with surface bonded SCLs for improved damping characteristics. Parameters such as stacking sequence of the composite laminates and placement of SCLs are used as design variables. Detailed numerical studies are presented. It is shown that optimum blade design yields significant increase in rotor lead-lag regressive modal damping compared to the initial system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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