Improved gradient-type algorithms for zero terminal gradient optimal control problems

Chung Feng Kuo, Chen-Yuan Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Difficulties often arise when we apply the gradient type algorithms employing penalty functions to optimal control problems with variable final time. There is another class of optimal control problems for which the necessary conditions for optimality require a zero gradient at the final time. This causes the gradient-type algorithms, in their standard forms, to become incapable of changing the terminal value of the control variable at each iteration and the rate of convergence is adversely affected. In this paper, we first apply a new transformation method developed by Polak [19] which transforms the variable final time problem into a fixed final time problem. Second, an improved gradient-type algorithm is developed to overcome the zero terminal gradient problem. It is shown that, by applying this transformation and improved algorithm to four examples, not only the variable final time and zero terminal gradient problems are solved and the control vector updated in the correct direction but the rate of convergence of the improved algorithm is faster than that of the traditional gradient-type algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-362
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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